Free Radicals: A Comprehensive Bibliography



A Comprehensive Bibliography

CJ Hinke

PDF: CO-Bibliography.pdf

(Editor’s note.) Due to limitations of space, we are not able to include the references which helped t create Free Radicals: War Resisters in Prison. As an alternative, the complete bibliography, the most comprehensive in its field is available as a separate publication which may be ordered from TrineDay here:

and as an online reference for research and download here:

The bibliography attempts to provide activists, peace movement strategists, the general reader, academic researchers and scholars with useful references to conscientious objectors and political prisoners throughout the world.

Books have always been seen as dangerous to those in power and subject to book-burnings and book-bannings. Authors, to this day, continue to be charged with treason, sedition, disloyalty, and espionage with sentences of decades or even execution. Such dangerous books of historical precedent, philosophy, strategy, and activism are an invaluable resource for opposition to war.

COs and military resisters should certainly find in this body of work inspiration in making their decisions and strengthening their resolve. You’re not the first and you’re not alone. It is hoped that readers of this book will not let their interest end here, but go on to access the vast literature in related fields which is available thanks to the Internet.

Some of these books were published before the advent of International Standard Book Numbers (ISBN) in 1965; an author and title search should be sufficient. Nearly all of them may be available via inter-library loan or secondhand via online booksellers and antiquarians.

This bibliography is a collective work based on the suggestions of contributors and friends of this volume, as well as this editor’s research in the files of the New York Public Library; the Swarthmore College Peace Collection; the archives of the New York Civil Liberties Union; and the Library of Congress.

We welcome your input! Please let us know of more recent books and articles as well as those we’ve missed which deserve to be included. A good bibliography should be a collaboration.

Special thanks is due to John Phillips and the Prisoners Information and Support Service (P.I.S.S); Jim Peck and the War Resisters League; Gene Keyes; Robert and Marjorie Swann and the New England Committee for Nonviolent Action; and Dr. Herbert Aptheker of the American Institute for Marxist Studies. Ω)

Historical background

“Address to the inhabitants of Pennsylvania, by those freemen, of the city of Philadelphia, who are now confined in the Masons’ lodge, by virtue of a general warrant…”, Philadelphia, 1777.

Alexander, Paul, Editor, Pentecostals and Nonviolence: Reclaiming a Heritage, Eugene: Pickwick, 2012.

Alonso, Harriet Hyman, Peace as a Women’s Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women’s Rights, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Appelbaum, Patricia, Kingdom to Commune: Protestant Pacifist Culture between World War I and the Vietnam Era, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Au, William A., The Cross, the Flag, and the Atom Bomb: American Catholics Debate War and Peace 1960-1986,Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986.

Bales, Mitzi, Opening Doors to Peace: A Memorial to Myrtle Solomon, London: War Resisters’ International, 1991.

Barr, Amelia B., Prisoners  of   Conscience, New  York: Century, 1897.

Bartolf, Christian, “Tolstoy’s Legacy for Mankind: A Manifesto for Nonviolence”, Copenhagen: The International Journal of Humanities and Peace, 2000 Part 1:; Part 2:

Bearman, Jay, Pentecostal Pacifism: The Origin, Development, and Rejection of Pacific Belief among the Pentacostals, Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2009.

Bennett, Scott, “Socialist Pacifism and Nonviolent Social Revolution: The War Resisters League and the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939”,  Malden: Peace & Change, Vol. 25, No. 1, January 2000.

Bergen-Cico, Dessa K., War and Drugs: The Role of Military Conflict in the Development of Substance Abuse, Boulder: Paradigm, 2012.

Bondoreff, John I., “Doukhobor Stand During World War II”

[Editor’s Note. We are fortunate in having historical scholarship of such pacifists, none as prolific as Peter Brock (1920-2006). Dr. Brock was a Guernsey-born University of Toronto historian who came from a military family. He was introduced to pacifism at Oxford and was imprisoned as a conscientious objector in World War II. He walked the walk and his scholarship is most fascinating to anyone contemplating a life of resistance.]

Brock, Peter, “Vasya Pozdnyakov’s Dukhobor [sic] Narrative”, Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 43, 1965.

Brock, Pacifism in the United States: From the Colonial Era to the First World War, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Brock, Radical Pacifists in Antebellum America, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Brock, Pioneers of  Peaceable Kingdom, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Brock, Twentieth Century Pacifism, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1970.

Brock, Pacifism in Europe to 1914, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.

Brock, The Roots of War Resistance: Pacifism from the Early Church to Tolstoy, Nyack: Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1981.

Brock, Mahatma and Mother India : Essays on Gandhiʾs Non-violence and Nationalism, Canterbury: Greenleaf, 1983.

Brock, The Quaker Peace Testimony 1660 to 1914, York: William Sessions, 1990.

Brock, Freedom from War: Nonsectarian Pacifism 1814-1914, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Brock, Studies in Peace History, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Brock, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Brock, A Brief History of Pacifism from Jesus to Tolstoy, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992.

Brock, Records of Conscience: Three Autobiographical Narratives by Conscientious Objectors 1665-1865, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Brock (Editor), Testimonies of Conscience Sent from the Soviet Union to the War Resisters’ International 1923-1929, Toronto: Privately printed, 1997.

Brock, “Accounting for Difference: The Problem of Pacifism in Early Upper Canada,” Ontario History, Vol. 90, No. 1, Spring 1998.

Brock, Varieties of Pacifism: A Survey from Antiquity to the Outset of the Twentieth Century, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1998.

Brock and Thomas P. Socknat (Editors), Challenge to Mars: Essays on Pacifism from 1918 to 1945, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Brock and Nigel Young, Pacifism in the Twentieth Century, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1999.

Brock, The Riddle of St. Maximilian of Tebessa, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Brock, Pacifism Since 1914: An Annotated Reading List, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Brock and John L.H. Keep (Translators), Editors, Life in a Penal Battalion of the Imperial Russian Army: The Tolstoyan N.T. Iziumchenko’s Story, York: William Sessions, 2001.

Brock, From Wandsworth to Wormwood Scrubs: One Man’s View of Prison, 2000. [Published in Britain as The Black Flower: One Man’s Memory of Prison Sixty Years After, York: William Sessions, 2001.

Brock (Editor and Translator), Life in an Austro-Hungarian Military Prison: The Slovak Tolstoyan Dr. Albert Škarvan’s Story, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2002.

Brock, Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of the Experiences of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War, New York: Oxford, 2002.

Brock, “These Strange Criminals”: An Anthology of Prison Memoirs by Conscientious Objectors, Toronto: University of Toronto, 2004.

Brock, Against the Draft: Essays on Conscientious Objection from the Radical Transformation to the Second World War, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.

Brockway, Fenner, Inside the Left: : Thirty Years of Platform, Press, Prison and Parliament, Londoin: George Allen & Unwin, 1942

Brockway, Towards Tomorrow, London: Hart-Davis MacGibbon, 1977.

Buhle, Paul and Nicole Schulman, Wobblies!: A Graphic History of the Industrial Workers of the World, New York: Verso, 2005.

Butler, Smedley D., War Is a Racket: The Profit That Fuels Warfare, 1935.

Campbell, Lara, Michael Dawson, and Catherine Gidney, Worth Fighting For: Canada’s Tradition of War Resistance from 1812 to the War on Terror, Toronto: Between the Lines, 2015.

Chernus, Ira, American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2004.

Cockburn, Alexander and Jeffrey St. Clair, Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs, and the Press, New York: Verso, 1999.

Confortini, Catia Cecilia, Intelligent Compassion: Feminist Critical Methodology in the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, New York: Oxford, 2012.

Cooper, Sandi E., Patriotic Pacifism: Waging War on War in Europe 1815-1914, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Cottrell, Robert, Roger Nash Baldwin and the American Civil Liberties Union, New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Daggett, Stephen, Costs of Major U.S. Wars, Washington: U.S. Congressional Research Service, 2008.

Dekar, Paul R., Creating the Beloved Community: A Journey with the Fellowship of Reconciliation, Telford: Cascadia, 2005.

Dubofsky, Melvyn, We Shall Be All: A History of the IWW, New York: Quadrangle, 1969.

Dyck, Harvey L. (Editor), The Pacifist Impulse in Historical Perspective, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.

Einstein, Albert, Einstein on Peace, New York: Avenel, 1981.

Fogarty, Robert S., The Righteous Remnant: The House of David, Kent: Kent State University Press, 1981.

Foner, Eric, Give Me Liberty! An American History, New York: Norton, Vol. 1, 2005; Vol. 2, 2006.

Foster, Carrie A., The Women and the Warriors: The U.S. Section of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom 1915-1946, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Garrison, William Lloyd, “Declaration of Sentiments”, Boston: The Liberator, 1838.

Harman, Chris, A People’s History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium, New York: Verso, 2008.

Heatherington, William, Swimming Against the Tide: The Peace Pledge Union Story 1934-2009, London: Peace Pledge Union, 2010.

Humphries, Charles W., “Two B.C. Pacifists and the Boer War,” B.C. Studies No. 45, Spring 1980.

Inikova, Svetlana A., “Leo Tolstoy’s Teachings and the Sons of Freedom in Canada”, Moscow: Religiovedenie, 2002.

Janzen, William, Limits on Liberty: The Experience of Mennonite, Hutterite and Doukhobor Communities in Canada, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Janzen, “Forced Doukhobor Schooling in British Columbia”.

Jasanoff, Maya, Liberty’s Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World,  New York: Vintage, 2012.

Keim, Albert N. and Grant Stoltzfus, The Politics of Conscience: The Historic Peace Churches and America at War 1917-1955, Scottsdale: Herald, 1988.

Kennedy, David M., Over Here: The First World War and American Society, New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Kennedy, Thomas C., British Quakerism 1860-1920: The Transformation of a Religious Community, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Kornbluh, Joyce L., Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology, Oakland: PM Press, 2011.

Krippendorf, Ekkehart and Christian Bartolf (Editors), “Pazifismus in den USA: Materialien”, Berlin: John F. Kennedy Institut für Nordamerikastudien, Freie Universität Berlin, 1986.

Kurlansky, Mark, Nonviolence: The History of a Dangerous Idea, New York: Modern Library, 2008.

Laity, Paul, The British Peace Movement 1870-1914, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002.

Liddington, Jill, The Long Road to Greenham : Feminism and Anti-Militarism in Britain since 1820, London: Virago, 1989.

Lieberman, Robbie, The Strangest Dream: Communism, Anti-Communism, and the U.S. Peace Movement 1945-1963, Charlotte: Information Age, 2010.

The Long Way of Russian Pacifism: Ideal of International and Inner Peace in Russian Religio-philosophical and Socio-political Thought, Moscow: Institute of World History, 1997.

McCoy, Alfred W., The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Chicago: Chicago Review, 2003.

McKeogh, Colm, Tolstoy’s Pacifism, Amherst: Cambria, 2009.

MacMaster, Richard K., Samuel Horst and Robert Ulle (Editors) Conscience in Crisis: Mennonites and Other Peace Churches in America 1739-1789, Scottsdale: Herald, 1979.

Mandel, Michael, How America Gets Away with Murder: Illegal Wars, Collateral Damage and Crimes Against Humanity, London: Pluto Press, 2004.

[Military coups d’etat] Anderson, Frank G., “National Identity Crisis and Thainess”, Prachatai, March 2, 2016

Moffatt, Gary, History of the Canadian Peace Movement Until 1969, Ottawa: Grape Vine, 1969.

Monet-Chartrand, Simonne, Les Québécoises et le movement pacifiste (1939–1967), Montréal: Les Éditions Écosociété, 1993.

Oldfield, Sybil, Women Against the Iron Fist: Alternatives to Militarism 1900-1989, London: Blackwell, 1989.

Oliver, Bobbie, Peacemongers, Fremantle: Arts Centre Press, 1997.

Penton, M. James, Jehovah’s Witnesses in Canada: Champions of Freedom of Speech and Worship, Toronto: Macmillan, 1976.

Parenti, Christian, The Soft Cage: Surveillance in America from Slavery to the War on Terror, New York: Basic, 2004.

Payne, Deborah and Suzanne Beer (Editors), In Defence of Our Conscience: A History of Conscientious Objection among the New Zealand Ecclesias, Torrens Park, SA: Christadelphian Christian Study Service, 1988.

Peace Pilgrim, Walking Her Talk Against Hate, Riding the Waves, 2013.

Peace Pilgrim, Peace Pilgrim: Her Life and Work in Her Own Words, Ocean Tree, 1992.

Pearce, Cyril, Comrades in Conscience: The Story of an English Community’s Opposition to the Great War, London: Francis Boutle, 2001.

Pozdnyakov, Vasily Nikolayevich, “Story of a Spiritual Upheaval”, Doukhobor Genealogy Website.

Prasad, Devi, War Is a Crime against Humanity: The Story of The War Resisters’ International, London: War Resisters’ International, 2005.

Ramanauskas, David A., The Christian Pacifist: A Defense of Christian Pacifism, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2011.

Rawnsley, Adam, “The Littlest Boy”, Foreign Policy, January 29, 2014

Schlabach, Theron F. and Richard T. Hughes (Editors), Proclaim Peace: Christian Pacifism from Unexpected Quarters, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Skolrood, A. Harold, Piers Island: A Brief History of the Island and Its People, Lethbridge: Paramount, 1995

Skolrood, “Piers Island: The Doukhobor Period, 1932-1935”.

Schmidt, Hans, Maverick Marine: General Smedley D. Butler and the Contradictions of American Military History, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.

Smith, J., Bibliotheca Anti-Quakeriana; or, a catalogue of books adverse to the Society of Friends, alphabetically arranged; with biographical notices of the authors, together with the answers which have been given to some of them by friends and others, 1873.

Socknat, Thomas P., Witness Against War: Pacifism in Canada 1900-1945, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Soukeroff, William A., “The Origin of the Freedomite Movement”, Vestnik, 1959.

Tarasoff, Koozma J. and William P. Sherstobitoff, “The ‘Sons of Freedom’: Origins, problems, misconceptions, and relationship to Doukhobors”, The Inquirer, Vol. 3, No. 5, June 1956 “A 2009 Flashback”.

Tarasoff, Plakun Trava: The Doukhobors, Grand Forks: Mir Publication Society, 1982.

Tarasoff, “Historic 1895 Burning of Guns Descriptions”, 2009

Tarasoff, “Tolstoy and the Doukhobors”, presentation to the First Global Nonkilling Leadership Forum, 2007

Taylor, Nancy M., “Chapter 5 – Pacifism”, in The Home Front Vol. I, Wellington: Historical Publications Branch, 1986.

Vereschagin, Ann J., “The Vereschagins’ Exile to Siberia”, Doukhobor Genealogy Website

Verigin, Grigory Vasilyevich, “Accomplishment of the Mission”, Doukhobor Genealogy Website

Vining, Elizabeth Gray, Virginia Exiles, Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1955.

The Voice of Women: The First Thirty Years,  Montréal: Pineau, 1992.

Volo, James M.,  A History of War Resistance in America, Westport: Greenwood, 2010.

Weddle, Meredith, Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century, New York: Oxford, 2001.

[die Weiße Rose] Scholl, Inge, The White Rose: Munich, 1942-1943, Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1983.

[die Weiße Rose] Scholl, Hans and Sophie, At the Heart of the White Rose: Letters and Diaries of Hans and Sophie Scholl, New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

[die Weiße Rose] Hanser, Richard, A Noble Treason: The Story of Sophie Scholl and the White Rose Revolt Against Hitler, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2012.

[die Weiße Rose] Newborn, Jud and Annette Dumbach, Sophie Scholl and the White Rose, London: Oneworld, 2007.

White, William, A conscientious objector of 1575: A controversy between S.B., “An English Anabaptist” and William White, Puritan, New Haven: Yale University, 2010.

Wormall, Henry, The Prisoners’ Defence Supported: or, an answer to  the charges and allegations of George Markhaam, vicar of Carlton, in Yorkshire, contained  in his book entitled, More  truth for the  seekers by the authors of the defence, York: W. Blanchard,  J. Phillips and Son (etc.), London, 1798.

Yamamoto, Mari, Grassroots Pacifism in Post-War Japan: The Rebirth of a Nation, Abingdon: Routledge, 2004.

Yamamoto, “Japan’s Grassroots Pacifism”, Japan Focus, February 24, 2005.

Yoder, John Howard, Nevertheless: The Varieties and Shortcomings of Religious Pacifism, Scottsdale: Herald, 1992.

Young, Nigel, Editor, The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Zinn, Howard, A People’s History of the United States: 1492 to the Present, New York: Harper, 2005.

Zinn, A People’s History of the American Empire, New York: Metropolitan, 2008.

Prisons in general

Alexander, Michelle, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, New York: New Press, 2012.

Alexander, Myrl E., Jail Administration, Washington: Government Printing Office, n.d.

Bandele, Asha, The Prisoner’s Wife, New York: Scribner, 1999.

Barnes, Harry Elmer, “The historical origin of the prison system in America”, Chicago: American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology Journal, vol. 12, pp. 35-60, 1921.

Barnes, The Story of Punishment; A Record of Man’s Inhumanity to Man, Boston: Stratford, 1930.

Bates, Sanford, Prisons and Beyond, New York: Macmillan, 1936.

Bryan, Helen, Inside, introduction by Henry J. Cadbury, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1953.

Camus, Albert, The Stranger, New York: Knopf, 1946.

Carter, Charles F., Snail’s Progress: The English Local Prison, London: Penal Reform Committee of the Society of Friends, 1948.

Center for Constitutional Rights and National Lawyers Guild, Jailhouse Lawyer’s Handbook (5th edition), New York, 2010

Cohen, Elie Aron, Human Behavior in the Concentration Camp, New York: W.W. Norton, 1953.

Comfort, Megan, Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Conover, Ted, Newjack: Guarding Sing Sing, New York: Vintage, 2001.

Downs, Ray, “Who’s Getting Rich Off the Prison-Industrial Complex?”, Vice, May 17, 2013

Dreisinger, Baz, Incarceration Nations: A Journey to Justice in Prisons Around the World, New York: Other Press, 2016.

Dyer, Joel, Perpetual Prisoner Machine: How America Profits from Crime, New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Earleyt, Pete, The Hot House: Life Inside Leavenworth Prison, New York: Bantam, 1992.

Fishman, Joseph Fulling, Sex in Prison: Revealing Sex Conditions in American Prisons, New York: National Library Press, 1934.

Foucault, Michel, Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison, New York: Vintage, 1995.

Gaddis, Thomas L., Birdman of Alcatraz: The Story of Robert Stroud, New York: Random House, 1955.

Gleissner, John Dewar, Prison & Slavery: A Surprising Comparison, Parker: Outskirts, 2010.

Goffman, Erving,  Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates, New York: Doubleday, 1961.

Hallinan, Joseph T., Going Up the River: Travels in a Prison Nation, New York: Random House, 2003.

Harding, Christopher, et al., Imprisonment in England and Wales: A Concise History, London: Croom Helm, 1985.

Hedges, Chris, “Alcatraz: A Prison As Disneyland”, Truthdig, November 30, 2014.

Hedges, “The Prison State of America”, Truthdig, December 28, 2014.

Heller, Joseph, Catch-22, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961.

Herivel, Tara and Paul Wright (Editors), Prison Nation: The Warehousing of America’s Poor, New York: Routledge, 2003.

Herivel &Wright, Prison Profiteers: Who Makes Money from Mass Incarceration, New York: New Press, 2009.

Hobhouse, Stephen and A. Fenner Brockway (Editors), English Prisons Today: Being the Report of the Prison Enquiry Committee, London: Longmans Green, 1922.

Johnston, James A., Prison Life Is Different, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1937.

Johnston, Alcatraz Island Prison, and the Men Who Live There, New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1949.

Keve, Paul W., The McNeil Century: The Life and Times of an Island Prison, Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1984.

Menninger,  Karl, The Crime of Punishment, New York: Viking, 1969.

Karakatsanis, Alec, “Policing, Mass Imprisonment, and the Failure of American Lawyers”, Harvard Law Review, April 10, 2015.

Keese, Robert, Prison Exposures, Philadelphia: Chilton, 1955.

Kiriakou, John,“Forcing the Innocent to Plead Guilty, An American Disgrace”, Reader Supported News, April 16, 2016.

Law, Victoria, Resistance Behind Bars: The Struggles of Incarcerated Women, Oakland: PM Press, 2012.

Lipton, Beryl, “The Private Prison Primer: What Are We Really Signing on For?”, MuckRock, Part 1, April 5, 2016: Part 2, April 7, 2016:

Morris, Norval and David J. Rothman (Editors), The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Murakawa, Naomi, The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America, New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

The New York Times, “End Mass Incarceration Now”, May 24, 2014

Norris, J.T.,  Daily Life at the Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland,  Kentucky, Ashland, Kentucky,  1951?.

Osborne, Thomas Mott, Prisons and Common Sense, Philadelphia: J.B.  Lippincott, 1924.

Petersilla, Joan, When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry, New York: Oxford, 2009.

Pishko, Jessica, “The News from San Quentin”, Guernica, January 29, 2014 Part 1: Part 2:

Priestley, Philip (Editor), Jail Journeys: The English Prison Experience since 1918, Abingdon: Routledge, 1989.

Prisoners’ Wives, Girlfriends, and Partners, Separated by Prison, United by Conviction, 2013.

Rule, Sandra R. and Marsha R., Counting the Years: Real-Life Stories about Waiting for Loved Ones to Return Home from Prison, Resilience, 2011.

Rule and Rule, Love Lives Here, Too: Real-Life Stories about Prison Marriages and Relationships, Resilience, 2011.

Sands, Bill, The Seventh Step, New York: New American Library,  1967.

Sanders,  J.J., Prisoners’  Mail, Florence, Arizona: US Penitentiary,  1914.

Santos, Michael G., Inside: Life Behind Bars in America, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2007.

Shaw, George Bernard, The Crime of Imprisonment, illustrated by William Gropper, New York:  Philosophical Library, 1946.

Shepard, Dean and Eugene S. Zemans, Prison Babies:  A Study of Some Aspects of  the Care and Treatment of Pregnant Inmates and Their Infants in Training Schools, Reformatories, and Prisons, Chicago: John Howard Association, 1950.

Sykes, Gresham, The Society of Captives: A Study of a Maximum Security Prison, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.

Transnational Resistance: A Transnational Approach to Resistance in Europe 1936-1948

Tyler, Tom R., Why People Obey the Law, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

U.S. Bureau of Prisons, Manual of Policies and Procedures and Supplementary Manual Bulletins, Summary Reports, Annual Reports, National Prisoner Statistics and pamphlets concerning each institution.

U.S. BOP, An Institutional Planning Guide for Disaster Defense, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1957.

Wilde, Oscar, De profundis, London: Methuen, 1911.

Williams, Stanley ‘Tookie’,  Life in Prison, New York, Chronicle: 2001.

Wynn, Jennifer, Inside Rikers: Stories from the World’s Largest Penal Colony, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2001.

Zimmerman, Isidore and Francis Bead, Punishment Without Crime, New York: Potter, 1963.

Zollicoffer, Theresa, The Prison Wives Diary, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2013.

Zuesse, Eric, “The Myriad Ways Political Corruption and Mass Incarceration Go Hand in Hand”, Strategic Culture Foundation, January 12, 2016

Prison abolition

CR10 Publications Collective, Abolition Now!: Ten Years of Strategy and Struggle against the Prison Industrial Complex, Oakland: AK Press, 2008.

[Culhane, Claire] Lowe, Mick, One Woman Army: The Life of Claire Culhane, Toronto: Macmillan, 1992.

Culhane, Claire, Still Barred from Prison: Social Injustice in Canada, Montréal : Black Rose, 1985.

Culhane, No Longer Barred from Prison, Montréal : Black Rose, 1991.

Davis, Angela Y., Are Prisons Obsolete?, New York: Seven Stories, 2003.

Davis, Abolition Democracy: Beyond Empire, Prisons, and Torture, New York: Seven Stories, 2005.

Davis, The Meaning of Freedom: And Other Difficult Dialogues, San Francisco: City Lights, 2012.

Davis, Charles, “Abolish Prison! The US Incarceration System Is Broken and Needs to Be Replaced”, Vice, March 5, 2014.

Knopp, Fay Honey, Instead of Prisons: A Handbook for Abolitionists, Philadelphia: Prison Research Education Action Project, 1976.

Martin, John Barlow, Break Down the Walls, Toronto: Thomas Allen, 1955.

Prison Activist Resource Center

The death penalty & solitary confinement

Ackerman, Spencer, “Bad lieutenant: American police brutality, exported from Chicago to Guantánamo”, The Guardian, February 18, 2015.

Aviv, Rachel, “How Albert Woodfox Survived Solitary”, The New Yorker, January 26, 2017

Banner, Stuart, The Death Penalty: An American History, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Camus, Albert, “Neither Victims Nor Executioners”, Paris: Combat, 1946.

Casella, Jean, James Ridgeway and Sara Shourd, Hell Is a Very Small Place: Voices from Solitary Confinement, New York: New Press, 2016.

Collins, Peter A., Robert C. Boruchowitz,  Matrthew J. Hickman, and Mark A Larrañaga, An Analysis of the Economic Costs of Seeking the Death Penalty in Washington State, Seattle: University of Seattle, 2015.

Derrida, Jacques, The Death Penalty, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Guenther, Lisa, Solitary Confinement: Social Death and Its Afterlives, St. Paul: University of Minnesota Press, 2013.

Hassine, Victor, Life without Parole, Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing, 1999.

James, Erwin, “37 years of solitary confinement: the Angola three”, The Guardian, March 10, 2010.

Paternoster, Raymond, Robert Brane, and Sarah Bacon, The Death Penalty: America’s Experience with Capital Punishment, New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Pawlowski, Joanne, Solitary: The History and Current Reality of Torture as a Means of Social Control within Prisons, Smashwords, 2013.

Prendergast, Alan, “The Caged Life”, Westword, August 16, 2007.

Prendergast, “Fortress of Solitude”, Westword, August 16, 2007.

Rhodes, Lorna, Total Confinement: Madness and Reason in The Maximum Security Prison, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Ross, Geoffrey Ian, The Globalization of Supermax Prisons, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2013.

Schenwar, Maya, “80,000 Americans Are Trapped in Solitary Confinement”, Truthout, March 23, 2016.

Shalev, Sharon, Supermax: Controlling Risk through Solitary Confinement, Oxon: Willian, 2009.

Smith, Clint, “The Meaning of Life Without Parole”, The New Yorker, February 2016.

Solitary Watch: News from a Nation in Lockdown

Sullivan,  Jennifer, “Seeking death penalty adds $1M to prosecution cost, study say”, Seattle Times, 2015.

Political prisoners, racism, class warfare

Abu-Jamal, Mumia, Live from Death Row, New York: Harper Perennial, 1996.

Abu-Jamal, All Things Censored, New York: Seven Stories, 2000.

[Abu-Jamal] Bisson, Terry, On a Move: The Story of Mumia Abu-Jamal, Brooklyn: Litmus, 2001.

[Abu-Jamal] Anderson, S.E. and Tony Medina (Editors), In Defense of Mumia, Danbury: Writers and Readers, 1996.

[Abu-Jamal] Doctorow, E.L. and Daniel R. Williams, Executing Justice: The Inside Story of Mumia Abu-Jamal, New York: St. Martin’s, 2001.

[Abu-Jamal] O’Connor, Patrick, The Framing of Mumia Abu-Jamal, Chicago: Chicago Review, 2008.

Abu-Jamal, Death Blossoms: Reflections from a Prisoner of Conscience, Cambridge: South End, 2003.

Abu-Jamal, Jailhouse Lawyers: Prisoners Defending Prisoners v. the USA, San Francisco: City Lights, 2009.

Abu-Jamal, The Classroom and the Cell: Conversations on Black Life in America, Chicago: Third World, 2011.

Abu-Jamal, Writing on the Wall: Selected Prison Writings of Mumia Abu-Jamal, San Francisco: City Lights,  2015.

Ahrens, Lois, The Real Cost of Prisons Comix, Oakland: PM Press, 2008.

Allen, Charles R., Jr., Concentration Camps, U.S.A., New York: Citizens Committee for Constitutional Liberties, 1967.

Ayers, Bill,  Fugitive Days: Memoirs of an Antiwar Activist, Boston: Beacon, 2009.

Ayers, Public Enemy: Confessions of An American Dissident, Boston: Beacon, 2013.

Banks, Dennis and Richard Erdoes, Ojibwa Warrior: Dennis Banks and the Rise of the American Indian Movement, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.

Baum, Dan, Smoke and Mirrors: The War on Drugs and the Politics of Failure, New York: Back Bay, 1997.

Belfrage, Cedric, The Frightened Giant: My Unfinished Affair with America, London: Secker and Warburg, 1957.

Berger, Dan, Outlaws of America: The Weather Underground and the Politics of Solidarity, Oakland: AK Press, 2005.

Berger, The Struggle Within: Prisons, Political Prisoners, and Mass Movements in the United States, Oakland: PM Press, 2014.

Berkman, Alexander, Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist, New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1912.

Bosworth, Allan R., America’s Concentration Camps, New York: Norton, 1967.

Braudy, Susan, Family Circle: The Boudins and the Aristocracy of the Left, New York: Knopf, 2003.

Buck, Marilyn, David Gilbert, and and Laura Whitehorn, Enemies of the State: An Interview withAnti-imperialist Political Prisoners, Oakland: Abraham Guillen, 2001.

Busch, Francis Xavier, Prisoners at the Bar: An Account of the Trials of the William Haywood Case, the Sacco-Vanzetti Case, the Loeb-Leopold Case, the Bruno Hauptmann Case, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1952.

Can’t Jail the Spirit: Political Prisoners in the U.S., A Collection of Biographies, Chicago: Editorial El Coqui, 1988.

Carmichael, Stokely, Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Toure), New York: Scribner’s, 2005.

Carter, Rubin ‘Hurricane’, The Sixteenth Round: From Number 1 to Number 45472, Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2011.

[Carter] Carter and Ken Klonsky, Eye of the Hurricane: My Path from Darkness to Freedom, Chicago, Chicago Review Press, 2013.

[Carter] Chaiton, Sam and Terry Swinton, Lazarus and the Hurricane: The Freeing of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2000.

[Carter] Hirsch, James S., Hurricane: The Miraculous Journey of Rubin Carter, New York: Mariner, 2000.

[Carter] Wice, Paul B., Rubin “Hurricane” Carter and the American Justice System, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2000.

Castellucci, John, The Big Dance: The Untold Story of Weather-Man Kathy Boudin and the Terrorist Family That Committed the Brinks Robbery Murders, New York: Dodd Mead, 1986.

Certain Days: Freedom for Political Prisoners Calendar, Montréal: Certain Days 2002-2014.

Churchill, Ward and Jim Vander Wall, Agents of Repression: The FBI’s Secret WarsAgainst the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement, Cambridge: South End, 2001.

Claypoole, Antoinette Nora, Ghost Rider Roads: American Indian Movement 1971-2011, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2012.

Coates, Te-Nahisi,  “The Black Family in the Age of Mass Incarceration”, Atlantic Monthly, October 2015.

cummings, e.e.. The enormous room, New York: Liveright, 1934.

Davis, Angela, The Meaning of Freedom: and Other Difficult Dialogues, San Francidsco: City Lights, 2012.

Davis, Angela Davis: An Autobiography, New York: International, 2013.

Davis, Benjamin J., Communist Councilman from Harlem: Autobiographical Notes Written in a Federal Penitentiary, New York: International, 1969.

Davis, David Brion, Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Dohrn, Bernadine, Bill Ayers, and Jeff Jones (Editors), Sing a Battle Song: The Revolutionary Poetry, Statements, and Communiques of the Weather Underground 1970-1974, New York: Seven Stories, 2006.

Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne, An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States, Boston: Beacon, 2015.

Elijah, J. Soffiyah, “The Reality of Political Prisoners in the United States and What September 11Taught Us About Defending Them”, Harvard University Law School.

Esquivel, Adolfo Perez, Let Freedom Ring: A Collection of Documents from the Movements to Free U.S. Political Prisoners, Oakland: PM Press, 2008.

Faith, Karlene, 13 Women: Parables from Prison, Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006.

Fanon, Frantz,  A Dying Colonialism, New York: Grove, 1965.

Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks, New York: Grove, 1968.

Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, New York: Grove, 1968.

Fanon, Toward the African Revolution, New York: Grove, 1969.

Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley, The Alderson Story, New York: International, 1963.

Gallagher, Frank, Days of Fear, London: J. Murray, 1928.

Garcia, Miguel, Looking Back After Twenty Years of Jail: Questions and Answers on the Spanish Anarchist Resistance, Berkeley: Kate Sharpley Library, 2002.

[German internment] Buck, Anita, Behind Barbed Wire: German Prisoner of War Camps in Minnesota, St. Cloud: North Star, 1998.

[German internment] Christgau, John, Enemies: World War II Alien Internment, Bloomington: iUniverse, 2001.

[German internment] Estlack, Russell, Shattered Lives, Shattered Dreams: The Untold Story of America’s Enemy Aliens in World War II, Springville: Cedar Fort, 2011.

[German internment] Fox, Stephen, America’s Invisible Gulag: A Biography of German American Internment and Exclusion in World War II: Memory and History, Bern: Peter Lang, 2000.

[German internment] Fox, Fear Itself: Inside the FBI Roundup of German Americans during World War II,  Bloomington: iUniverse, 2005.

[German internment] Jacobs, Arthur D., The Prison Called Hohenasperg: An American Boy Betrayed by His Government during World War II, Boca Raton: Universal, 1999.

[German internment] Krammer, Arnold, Undue Process: The Untold Story of America’s German Alien Internees,  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

[German internment] Luick-Thrams, Michael, Vanished: German-American Internment 1941-1948, Traces, 2005.

[German internment] Russell, Jan Jarboe, The Train to Crustal City: FDR’s Secret Prisoner Exchange Program and America’s Only Family Internment Camp during World War II, New York: Scriber, 2015.

[German internment] Simmons, Dean B., Swords into Plowshares:Minnesota’s POW Camps during World War Two, St. Paul: Cathedral Hill, 2016.

Gilbert, David, No Surrender: Writings from an Anti-Imperialist Political Prisoner, Oakland: Abraham Guillen, 2004.

Gilbert, Love and Struggle: My Life in SDS, the Weather Undergound, and Beyond, Oakland: PM Press, 2011.

Gitlin, Todd, The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage, New York: Bantam, 1993.

Goldman, Emma, A Fragment of the Prison Experiences of Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman in the State Prison at Jefferson City, Missouri and the U.S. Penitentiary at Atlanta, Georgia, February 1918-October 1919, New York: S. Comyn, (1919?).

Gorky, Maxim, Mother, New York, Macmillan, 1967.

Graeber, William, Patty’s Got a Gun: Patricia Hearst in 1970s America, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Green, Gilbert, The Enemy Forgotten, New York: International, 1956.

[Guantánamo] Donald, Heidi, We Were Not the Enemy: Remembering the United States’ Latin-American Civilian Intrernment Program, Bloomington: iUniverse, 2007.

[Guantánamo] Slahi, Mohamedou Ould & Larry Siems,  Guantánamo Diary, New York: Little Brown, 2015.

[Guantánamo] Worthington, Andy, The Guantánamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America’s Illegal Prison, London: Pluto, 2007.

[Guantánamo] Khan, Mahvish, My Guantánamo Diary: The Detainees and the Stories They Told Me, New York: PublicAffairs, 2008,

Hansen, Ann, Direct Action: Memoirs of an Urban Guerrilla, Oakland: AK Press, 2002.

Haywood, Bill, Ecodefense: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching, Ned Ludd Press, 1985.

Herer, Jack, The Emperor Wears No Clothes: Hemp & the Marijuana Conspiracy, The Authoritative Historical Record of the Cannabis Plant, Marijuana Prohibition, and How Hemp Can Still Save the World, Hemp/Queen of Clubs, 1992.

Hoxie, Frederick, This Indian Country: American Indian Activists and the Place They Made, New York: Penguin, 2013.

Jackson, George L., Soledad Brother: The Prison Letters of George Jackson, Chicago: Chicago Review, 1994.

Jackson, Blood in My Eye, Baltimore: Black Classic, 1996.

Jacobs, Ron, The Way the Wind Blew: A History of the Weather Underground, New York: Verso: 1997.

James, Joy, The New Abolitionists: (Neo)slave Narratives and Contemporary Prison Writings, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005.

[Japanese internment] Inada, Lawson Fusao, Only What We Could Carry: The Japanese American Internment Experience, Berkeley: Heyday, 2000.

[Japanese internment] Reeves, Richard, Infamy: The Shocking Story of the Japanese-American Internment in World War II, New York: Henry Holt, 2015.

[Japanese internment] Gordon, Linda (Editor), Impounded: Dorothea Lange and the Censored Images of Japanese Internment,  New York: W.W. Norton, 2006.

[Japanese internment] Muller, Eric L., Colors of Confinement: Rare Kodachrome Photographs of Japanese-American Incarceration in World War II,  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.

[Japanese internment] Hirasuna, Delphine, The Art of Gaman: Arts and Crafts from the Japanese-American Internment Camps 1942-1946, New York: Ten Speed, 2005.

Johnson, Kevin Rashid, Defying the Tomb: Selected Prison Writings and Art of Kevin Rashid Johnson featuring Exchanges with an Outlaw, Montréal: Kersplebedeb, 2010.

Kerman, Piper, Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women’s Prison, New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2011.

Kohn, Stephen M., American Political Prisoners: Prosecutions Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts, New York: Praeger, 1994.

Lusane, Clarence, Pipe Dreams and Blues: Racism & the War on Drugs,  Cambridge: South End, 1999.

McLoughlin, Michael, Last Stop Paris: The Assassination of Mario Bachand and the Death of the FLQ, New York: Viking, 1998.

Magnuson, Stew, Wounded Knee 1973: Still Bleeding, The American Indian Movement, the FBI, and Their Fight to Bury the Sins of the Past, Courtbridge, 2013.

Martin, Dannie M. and Peter Y. Sussman, Committing Journalism: The Prison Writings of Red Hog, New York: W.W. Norton, 1995.

Mauer, Mark, Race to Incarcerate,  New York: New Press, 2006.

Mauer and Sabrina Jones, Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling, New York: New Press, 2013.

Means, Russell and Marvin Wolf, Where White Men Fear to Tread: The Autobiography of Russell Means, New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.

Muntaqim, Jalil, We Are Our Own Liberators: Selected Prison Writings, Oakland: Abraham Guillen, 2002.

Muntaqim and Jim Campbell, The Vancouver Five: Armed Struggle in Canada, Oakland: Solidarity/Arm the Spirit, 2002.

Peries, Sharmini, “Uncover America’s Secret Prisons”, AlterNet, March 7, 2016

Pickard, William Leonard,  The Rose of Paracelsus: On Secrets and Sacraments, 2015.

Pickering, Leslie James, The Earth Liberation Front 1997-2002, Oakland: Arissa Media, 2007.

Rosenberg, Ethel and Julius, Death House Letters of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, New York: Jero, 1953.

Rosenberg, Susan, An American Radical: A Political Prisoner in My Own Country, New York:Citadel, 2011.

Rudd, Mark, Underground: My Life with SDS and the Weathermen, New York: William Morrow, 2010.

Santiago, Ricardo, Political Prisoners in the United States, Toronto: Free People’s Movement Archive, 2013.

Shakur, Assata,  Assata: An Autobiography, Chicago: Lawrence Hill: 2001.

Scheffler, Judith A. (Editor), Wall Tappings: Women’s Prison Writings 200 A.D. to the Present, New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 2002.

Schlosser, Eric, Reefer Madness: Sex, Drugs, and Cheap Labor on the American Black Market, New York: Mariner, 2007.

Shoatz, Russell Maroon, Maroon the Implacable: The Collected Writings of Russell Maroon Shoatz, Oakland: PM Press, 2013.

Special International Tribunal on the Violation of Human Rights of Political Prisoners and Prisoners of War in the United Staters Prisons and Jails, Anarchist Black Cross Federation, Hunter College, December 7-10, 1990

Stern, Susan, With the Weathermen: The Personal Journal of a Revolutionary Woman, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

Thompson, Fred W. and Jon Bekken, The Industrial Workers of the World: Its First One Hundred Years 1905-2005, Chicago: IWW, 2006.

Timerman, Jacobo, Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number, New York, Knopf, 1981.

Vallières, Pierre, White Niggers of America: The Precocious Autobiography of a Québec “Terrorist”, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1971.

Vance, Laurence M., The War on Drugs Is a War on Freedom, Orlando: Vance, 2012.

Varon, Jeremy, Bringing the War Home: The Weather Underground, the Red Army Faction, and Revolutionary Violence in the Sixties and Seventies, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Viehmann, Klaus, Prison Round Trip, Oakland: PM Press, 2009.

Walvin, James, Atlas of Slavery, Abingdon: Routledge, 2005.

Wilkerson, Cathy, Flying Close to the Sun: My Life and Times as a Weatherman, New York: Seven Stories, 2010.

Wittner, Laura Waterman and Dick Bancroft, We Are Still Here: A Photographic History of the American Indian Movement, Wadena: Borealis, 2013.

Zehr, Howard, Doing Life: Reflections of Men and Women Serving Life Sentences, Intercourse: Good Books, 1996.

Zellig, Leo, Voices of Liberation: Frantz Fanon, Chicago: Haymarket, 2016.

[Fanon] Gordon, Lewis R., What Fanon Said: A Philosophical Introduction to His Life and Thought, Bronx: Fordham University Press, 2015.

[Fanon] Hudis, Peter, Frantz Fanon: Philosopher of the Barricades, London: Pluto, 2015.

[Fanon] Lee, Christopher J., Frantz Fanon: Toward a Revolutionary Humanism, Athens: Ohio University Press, 2015.

Civil rights

Abernathy, Ralph, And the Walls Came Tumbling Down, New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Arsenault, Raymond, Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice, New York: Oxford, 2006.

Blackwell, Joyce, No Peace Without Freedom: Race and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom 1915-1975, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2004.

Bloom, Joshua and Waldo E. Martin, Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013.

Branch, Taylor, The King Years: Historic Moments in the Civil Rights Movement, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013.

Branch, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954-63, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988.

Branch, At Canaan’s Edge: America in the King Years 1965-68, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Branch, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963-65, Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Cagin, Seth and Philip Dray, We Are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney, and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi, Washington: The Nation, 1988.

Carson, Clayborne, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s, Cambridge: Harvard, 1981.

Cohen, Tom, Three Who Dared, New York: Doubleday, 1969.

Halberstam, David, The Children, New York: Random House, 1998.

Joseph, Peniel E. Waiting ’Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America, New York: Henry Holt, 2006.

King, Martin Luther, Jr.,  Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story, Boston: Beacon, 2010.

[King] The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., New York: Warner, 1998.

[King] Dyson, Michael Eric, I May Not Get There with You: The True Martin Luther King, Jr., New York: Free Press, 2000.

[King] Smiley, Tavis, Death of a King: The Real Story of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Final Year, New York, Little, Brown, 2014.

Levine, Ellen S., Freedom’s Children: Young Civil Rights Activists Tell Their Own Stories, New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1993.

Lewis, John, Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, New York: Grove, 1969.

[Malcolm] Marable, Manning, Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention, New York: Viking, 2011.

Olson, Lynne, Freedom’s Daughters: The Unsung Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement from 1830 to 1970, New York: Scribner, 2001.

Weisbrot, Robert, Freedom Bound: A History of America’s Civil Rights Movement, New York: W.W. Norton, 1989.

Williams, Juan, Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years 1954-1965, New York: Viking, 1987.

The spirit imprisoned

Hanh, Thich Nhat, Be Free Where You Are, Berkeley: Parallax, 2002.

Koller, Jeffery W., The Eden Peace Witness: A Collection of Personal Accounts, Wichita: Jebeko, 2004.

Malone, Calvin, Razor-Wire Dharma: A Buddhist Life in Prison, Somerville: Wisdom, 2008.

Maull, Fleet, Dharma in Hell: The Prison Writings of Fleet Maull, Providence: Prison Dharma Network, 2005.

Lozoff, Bo, We’re All Doing Time: A Guide to Getting Free, Durham: Human Kindness Foundation, 1998.

Phillips, Jenny, Letters from the Dhamma Brothers: Meditation Behind Bars, Onalaska: Pariyatti, 2008.

Whitney, Kobai Scott, Sitting Inside: Buddhist Practice in America’s Prisons, Providence: Prison Dharma Network, 2002.

Military prisons

Allied Forces, Supreme Headquarters, Military Government, Germany, Technical Manual for Legal and Prison Officers, (n.p. 1945?).

Budge, Thomas, It Is What It Is: Grace Through Acceptance, Johannesburg: Namaste Trust, 2013.

U.S. Disciplinary Barracks, Manual for the Guidance of Prisoners, Fort Leavenwarth Kansas, 1967.

Navy Department, Rules and Regulations for the Government of U.S. Naval Prisons and Prison Ships, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910.

Foreign prisons

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, Letters and Papers from Prison, New York: Macmillan, 1953.

Budge, Thomas, It Is What It Is, Johannesburg: Namaste Trust, 2013.

Catholic Institute for International Relations, Country and Conscience: South African Conscientious Objectors,  London: 1988.

Charrière, Henri, Papillon, London: Hart-Davis Macgibbon, 1970.

Connelly, Karen, The Lizard Cage, New York: Doubleday, 2007.

Dirksen, Hans-Hermann, “Jehovah’s Witnesses under Communist Regimes”, in: Religion, State & Society Vol. 30, No. 3 (2002), pp. 229-38.

Dostoievski, Fyodor, Memoirs from the House of the Dead, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Dostoievski, Prison Life in Siberia, London: J. and R. Maxwell, (1887?).

Gramsci, Antonio, Prison Notebooks Vols. 1, 2 & 3, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Gramsci, Selections from the Prison Notebooks, New York: International, 1971.

Havel, Vaclav, Letters to Olga: June 1979-September 1982, New York: Henry Holt, 1989.

Hobhouse, Stephen, An English Prison from Within, London: George Allen and Unwin, 1919.

Ho Chi Minh, The Prison Diary of Ho Chi Minh, New York: Bantam, 1971.

Jägerstätter, Franz, Letters and Writings from Prison, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2009.

Kim, Dae Jung, Prison Writings, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Kropotkin, Pyotr Aleksyeyevich, In Russian and French Prisons, London: Ward and Downey, 1887.

Kropotkin, The Terror in Russia: An Appeal to the British Nation, issued by the Parliamentary Russian Committee, London: Methuen, 1909.

Mandela, Nelson, Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela, New York: Back Bay, 1995.

[Mandela] Maharaj, Mac and Nelson Mandela (Editors), Reflections in Prison: Voices from the South African Liberation Struggle, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.

[Mandela],  A Prisoner in the Garden, Houghton: Nelson Mandela Foundation/Studio, 2006.

Noom Rednon [Tanthawut Taweewarodomkul], “Songkran Behind Bars”, Prachatai April 17, 2014

Ó Beacháin, Breandán [Brendan Behan], Borstal Boy, London: Hutchinson, 1958.

Ó Beacháin, Breandán [Brendan Behan], Confessions of an Irish Rebel, New York: Bernard Geis, 1965.

Parkhomenko, Sergey, The Remarkable, Forgotten Story of How a Soviet Town Disposed of Its Dead, Global Voices. November 5, 2015

Parsipur, Shahrnush, Kissing the Sword: A Prison Memoir, New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 2013.

Solzhenitsyn, Alexandr, The Gulag Archipelago 1918-56, New York: Harvell, 2003.

Tanthawut Taweewarodomkul, “Tanthawut Mourns Ah Kong: An Account of Injustice,”  Prachatai, December 6, 2012.

Yeats, Charles, Prisoner of Conscience: One Man’s Remarkable Journey from Repression to Freedom,  London: Ebury, 2005.

Zahn, Gordon, In Solitary Witness: The Life and Death of Franz Jägerstätter, Springfield: Templegate, 1964.


Adams, R.J.Q. and Philip P. Poirer, The Conscription Controversy in Great Britain 1900-18, London: Macmillan, 1987.

Aktas, Fatma Oya, Being a Conscientious Objector in Turkey: Challenging Hegemonic Masculinity in a Militaristic Nation-State,  Saarbrücken: Lambert, 2014

Aleksov, Bojan, “Resisting the War in Yugoslavia: Thoughts on Empowerment and Disillusionment”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2001.

Amnesty International, Out of the margins: the right to conscientious objection in Europe, London: 1997 .

Anderson, Martin (Editor), The Military Draft: Selected Readings on Conscription, Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1982.

Andrews, Eleanor,  Megan Bastick, Matthew East & Laurel Townhead, References to Conscientious Objection in the documents submitted to, and resolutions of,  the UN Commission on Human Rights, Geneva: Quaker United Nations Office, 2005.

Austrian Pacifists: Austrian Christian Pacifists, Austrian Conscientious Objectors, General, 2010.

Auvray, Michel, Objecteurs, insoumis, déserteurs: Histoire de Réfractaires en France, Paris: Editions Stock, 1983.

Awadalla, Ahmed, “These Egyptians Say No to Mandatory Military Service”, Global Voices, May 23, 2014 No Military Service

Axelrad, Albert S., Call to Conscience: Jews, Judaism, and Conscientious Objection, Nyack: Jewish Peace Fellowship, 1986.

Barker, Rachel, Conscience, Government and War: Conscientious Objection in Great Britain, 1939-45, Abingdon: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1982.

Baskir Lawrence M. and William A Strauss, Chance and Circumstance: The Draft, the War, and the Vietnam Generation, New York: Knopf, 1978.

Baskir and Strauss,  Reconciliation After Vietnam: Program of Relief for Vietnam Era Draft and Military Offenders,  Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1978.

Becker, Mark, “Men and Women Who Dare to Say No: Mennonite Resistance to Draft Registration 1980-1985”, North Newton: Bethel College, 1985.

Benney, Mark, Gaol Delivery, London: Longman Green, 1948.

Bernstein, J.L., “Conscription and the Constitution: The Amazing Case of Kneedler v. Lane”, American Bar Association Journal Vol. 53, 1967.

Bielefeldt, Heiner, Nazila Ghanea, and Michael Werner, Freedom of Religion or Belief: An International Law Commentary, Oxford: Oxford, 2016.

Blevins, Aaron, Widow Makers: War Through the Eyes of an Apostolic Soldier, 2012.

Blum, Albert A., Drafted or Deferred: Practices Past and Present, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1967.

Boene, Bernard and Michel Louis Martin (Editors), Conscription & armée de métier, Paris: FEDN, 1991.

Boulton, David, Objection Overruled, London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1967.

Bouvier, Patrick,  Déserteurs et insoumis: Les Canadiens-français et la justice militaire (1914–1918), Outremont: Athéna Éditions, 2003.

Boyle, Beth, Words of Conscience: Religious Statements on Conscientious Objection,  Washington: National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1983.

Braithwaite, Constance, Conscientious Objection to Various Compulsions under British Law, York: Sessions, 1995.

Brett, Derek, Conscientious objection to military service, Geneva: Quaker Peace and Service, 1994.

Brett,  Rachel, “International Standards on Conscientious Objection to Military Service”, New York: Quaker United Nations Office, 2011.

Brush, Kaitlin, “The Right to Conscientious Objection and How South Korea Falls Short”, Human Rights Brief, April 19, 2011

Burtchaeli, James Tunstead, A Just War No Longer Exists: The Teaching and Trial of Don Lorenzo Milani, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame, 1988.

Cawthra, G., G. Kraak, G., and G. O’Sullivan, War and Resistance: Southern African Reports, London: Macmillan, 1994.

Challenor, Martin, Fighting for my country,  Cape Town: Robyn, 2011.

Chambers, John Whiteclay II, To Raise An Army: The Draft Comes to Modern America, New York: Free Press, 1987.

Chomsky, Noam, The Trials of the Resistance, New York: New York Review of Books, 1970.

Clifford, J. Garry and Samuel R. Spencer, Jr., The First Peacetime Draft, Lawrence: University of Kansas, 1986.

Çınar, Özgür Heval, Conscientious Objection to Military Service in International Human Rights Law, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Delton, Carol Leah and Andrew Mazer, Everybody’s Guide to Non-Registration, East Bay, 1980.

Drescher, John M., Why I Am a Conscientious Objector, Morgantown: Masthof, 2000.

Dolan, Edward F., Amnesty: The American Puzzle, New York: Franklin Watts, 1976.

Doty, Hi, Bibliography of Conscientious Objection to War: A Selected List,  Philadelphia: Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors, 1954.

Ellis, Barbara G., “Hillary’s No-Fly Zones and Resurrecting the Draft”, Dissident Voice: November 23, 2015

Elster, Ellen & Majken  Jul Sørensen (Editors), Women Conscientious Objectors: An Anthology, London: War Resisters’ International, 2010.

European Bureau for Conscientious Objection (EBCO) Annual Reports

Everett, Owen (Editor), Sowing Seeds: The Militarisation of Youth and How to Counter It, London: War Resisters’ International, 2013.

Fagan, Geraldine, Believing in Russia: Religious Policy After Communism, Abingdon: Routledge, 2014.

Flynn, George Q., Conscription and Democracy: The Draft in France, Great Britain, and the United States, Westport: Greenwood, 2002.

Flynn, The Draft 1940-1973, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1993.

Flynn, Lewis B. Hershey: Mr. Selective Service, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1985.

French, Paul Comly, We Won’t Murder: Being the story of men who followed their conscientious scruples and helped give life to democracy, New York: Hastings House, 1940.

Friedman, Robert P., and Charles Leistner, Conmpulsory Service Systems: A Critical Discussion and Debate Sourcebook, Columbia: Artcraft Press, 1968.

Gaylin, Willard, In the Service of Their Country: War Resisters in Prison, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1970.

Gold, Philip, The Coming Draft: The Crisis in Our Military and Why Selective Service Is Wrong for America, New York: Ballantine, 2006.

Gorgen, Carol Perry, Catholic conscientious objectors, 1963.

Graham, John W.,  Conscription and Conscience: A History 1916-1919, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1922.

Grantstein, J.L. and J. Mackay Hitsman, Broken Promises: A History of Conscription in Canada, Toronto: Oxford, 1977.

Hayes, Denis, Conscription Conflict, London: Sheppard, 1949.

Helmer, Martin (Editor), The Military Draft, Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1982.

Heisey, M.J., Peace and Persistence though Three Generations: Tracing the Brethren Christ Peace Witness, Kent: Kent State University Press, 2003.

Hershey, Lewis B., Selective Service in Peacetime 1940-1941; Selective Service in Wartime 1941-1942; Selective Service As the Tide of War Turns 1943-1944; Selective Service Under the 1948 act 1948-1950, Washington: Selective Service, 1942.

Horeman, Bart and Stolwijk, Marc Editors, Refusing to Bear Arms: A World Survey of Conscription and Conscientious Objection to Military Service, London: War Resisters’ International, 1998.

Horsch, John, The Principle of Nonresistance as Held by the Mennonite Church: A Historical Survey, Scottsdale: Herald, 1927.

Kalifa, Dominique, Biribi: Les bagnes coloniaux de l’armée française, Paris, Perrin, 2009.

Kennedy, Thomas C., The Hound of Conscience: A History of the No-Conscription Fellowship 1914-1919, Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1981.

Kidron, Peretz, Refusenik! Israel’s Soldiers of Conscience, London: Zed, 2005.

Klippenstein, Lawrence and Jacob Dick, Mennonite Alternative Service in Russia: The Story of Abram Dick and His Colleagues 1911-1917, Kitchener: Pandora, 2003.

Kohn, Stephen M., Jailed for Peace: The History of American Draft Law Violators 1658-1985, New York: Praeger, 1987.

Koller, Jeffery W., (Editor) The Eden Peace Witness: A Collection of Personal Accounts, Wichita: Jebeko, 2004.

Krehbiel, Nicholas A., General Lewis B. Hershey and Conscientious Objecttion During World War II,  Columbia: University of Missouri, 2011.

Kupferberg, Tuli, 1001 Ways to Beat the Draft, New York: Grove, 1967.

Langley, Silas, America and the Conscientious Objector in the Early Cold  War: Arthur Jost vs. the United States 1954, (Unpublished), Fresno, 1991.

Larson, Zelle A.,  An Unbroken Witness: Conscientious Objection to War 1948-1953,  Manoa: University of Hawai’i, 1975.

Lecoin, Louis, De prison en prison, Antony Seine, 1947.

Lecoin, Le cours d’une vie, Paris, 1965.

Lee, Yu Kyung, “I Will Not Be a Soldier in Any Violent Army”, Another Word is Possible, February, 21, 2016

Lendman, Stephen, “Israel Targets Conscientious Objectors”, Activist Post, January 2, 2014.

Lynd, Conrad, How to Stay Out of the Army: A Guide to Your Rights under the Draft Law, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

Lyon, Robert Hugh, Korea: Life and Military Service of a Conscientious Objector, Raleigh: LuLu, 2009.

McNeil, J.E. and Bill Galvin, Draft Counselor’s Manual, Washington: Center on Conscience and War, 2002.

McNitt, William H., Bibliography of resources on the history  of pacifism and conscientious objection in the Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1973.

Medina, Barak, “Political Disobedience in the IDF: The Scope of the Legal Right of Soldiers to Be Excused from Taking Part in Military Activities in the Occupied Territories”, Israel Law Review 38/1, 2002.

Mehl-Laituri, Logan, “The Right to Refuse to Bear Arms”, Sojourners, December 2010

Mehl-Laituri,  For God and Country (in that order), Kitchener: Herald, 2013.

Merklin, Lewis, Those Chose Honor: The Problem of Conscience in Custody, New York: Harper and Row, 1974.

Millan Garrido, Antonio, La objecion de conciencia al servicio militar y la prestacion social sustitutoria: Su regimen en el derecho positivo Espanol, Madrid: Tecnos, 1990.

Miller, Melissa and Phil M. Shenk, The Path of Most Resistance: Stories of Mennonite Objectors Who did Not Cooperate with the Vietnam War Draft, Scottsdale: Herald, 1982.

Moorehead, Caroline, Troublesome People: The Warriors of Pacifism, Enemies of War 1916-1986, Chevy Chase:  Adler & Adler, 1987.

Moran, Daniel, “Woman applying for US citizenship refuses oath to bear arms, told to be religious to be exempt”, A News Reports, June 19, 2013.

Moroi, Yuichi, Ethics of Conviction and Civic Responsibility: Conscientious War Resisters in America During  the World Wars, Lanham: UPA, 2008.

Morris, Stuart Denton, Pacifism and Conscientious Objection, Philadelphia: American Friends Service Committee, 1963.

National Assembly of Conscientious Objectors of Colombia, “The State of Militarization and conscientious objection in Columbia”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2007.

Noone, Michael F. (Editor), Selective Conscientious Objection, Boulder: Westview, 1989.

Obiezione di coscienza al servizio militare: Profili giuridici prospettive legislative, Padua: Antonio Milani CEDAM, 1989.

O’Connor, P.S., “The Awkward Ones—Dealing with Conscience 1916-1918”, New Zealand Journal of History, Vol. 8, No. 2, October 1974.

Oliver, Bobbie, Peacemongers: Conscientious Objectors to Military Service in Australia 1911-1945, South Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 1997.

O’Sullivan, John and A.M. Meckler (Editors), The Draft and Its Enemies: A Documentary History, Urbana: University of Illinois, 1974.

Palomino, Rafael, Las objeciones de conciencia: Conflictos entre concienciay le en el derecho Norteamericano, Madrid: Montecorvo, 1994.

Pepper, Rollin E., Civilian Public Service: An Unplanned Adventure 1943-1946, 2002.

Perry, Shawn (Editor), Words of Conscience: Religious Statements on Conscientious Objection, Washington: National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1980.

Pflüger, Tobias, “Professional soldiers and the right to conscientious objection in the European Union”, Information against war, repression, and for another society No. 5, 2008.

Quaker Council for European Affairs, The Right to Conscientious Objection in Europe: A Review of the Current Situation, Brussels: QCEA, 2005.

Rae, John,  Conscience and Politics: The British Government and the Conscientious Objector to Military Service 1916-1919, London: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Robin, Martin, Conscription 1917, Toronto: University of Toronto, 1979.

Rowe, Peter, The Impact of Human Rights Law on Armed Forces, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Rutherford, Robert S., Cases of Conscience: The Supreme Court and Conscientious Objectors to Military Service During the Post World War II Era, Missoula: University of Montana, 2015.

Sagi, Avi and Ron Shapira, “Civil Disobedience and Conscientious Objection”, Israel Law Review 36/3, 2002.

Schinkel, Anders, Conscience and Conscientious Objections,  Amsterdam: Pallas, 2007.

Seeley, Robert A., To Study War No More: A Bibliography on War, Peace, and Conscience, Philadelphia: Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors, 1979.

Seeley.,  Handbook for Conscientious Objectors, 13th edition, Philadelphia: Concentral Committee for Conscientious Objectors, 1981.

Shubin, Daniel H., The Conscientious Objector and the United States Armed Forces, Peace Church Challenge, 2008.

Sider, E. Morris, “Nonresistance in the Early Brethren in Christ Church in Ontario”, Mennonite Quarterly Review Vol. 31 No. 4, October 1957.

Simon, Rita J. and Mohamed Alaa Abdel-Monheim,  A Handbook of Military Conscription and Composition the World Over, Lanham: Lexington, 2011.

Smith, Hugh, “Conscience, Law and the State: Australia’s Approach to Conscientious Objection Since 1901”,  Australian Journal of Politics and History No. 35, 1989.

Smith, Solom C., Bibliography: Conscientious Objector, New Haven: Yale University, 1967.

Smythe, Tony and Devi Prasad, Conscription — A World Survey: Compulsory Military Service and Resistance to It, London: War Resisters’ International, 1968.

South African History Online, “End Conscription Campaign”

Speck, Andreas & Kasper Jon Larsen (Compilers), “The Right to Conscientious Objection to Military Service in selected member states of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2003.

Speck, “Conscientious objection: Legal Practices and Framework among EU member states”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2009.

Speck, A Conscientious Objectors Guide to the International Human Rights System, London: War Resisters’ International/Quaker United Nations Office Geneva/Conscience and Peace Tax International/Centre for Civil and Political Rights, 2013.

Sukharev, Gregory Ivanovich, “My Renunciation of Military Service” (1938), ISKRA Nos. 1821-1826, Grand Forks: USCC, 1996.

Sung-ho, Jhe [YES] & Sam Zarifi [NO], “Should conscientious objectors be jailed?”, Korea Herald, September 19, 2011.

Swalm, E.J., Nonresistance Under Test: A Compilation of Experiences of Conscientious Objectors As Encountered in Two World Wars, Nappanee: E.V. Publishing, 1949.

Takemura, Hitomi, International Human Right to Conscientious Objection to Military Service and Individual Duties to Disobey Manifestly Illegal Orders, Berlin: Springer, 2000.

Tatum, Arlo, Handbook for Conscientious Objectors, 12th edition, 1972, Philadelphia: Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors, 1972.

Tatum and Joseph Tuchinsky, Guide to the Draft, Boston: Beacon, 1969.

Taylor, Dean, A Change of Allegiance: A journey into the historical and biblical teaching of war and peace,  Amberson: Radical Reformation, 2008.

Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations, “Helpful Unitarian Universalist Documents on Conscientious Objection”

UUA, Conscientious Objectors and the Draft

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Conscientious Objection to Military Service, New York & Geneva, 2012.

U.S. Department of the Navy, Conscientious Objectors, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2013.

U.S. Selective Service System, Conscientious Objection (2 volumes), Washington: Government Printing Office, 1950 (Selective Service System Special Monograph No. 11).

U.S. Selective Service System, Enforcement of the Selective Service Law, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1950 (Selective Service System Special Monograph No. 14).

Useem, Michael, Conscription, Protest, and Social Conflict: Life and Death of a Draft Resistance Movement, New York: Wiley, 1973.

Vallejo, Catalina, Plurality of Peaces in Legal Action: Analyzing Constitutional Objections to Military Service in Colombia, Münster: LIT, 2012.

Vanin, Gregory, “Refusal of Military Service”

Wallenberg, Harry A., Whither freedom? A study of the treatment of conscientious objectors in the United States during World Wars I and II and its relation to the concept of freedom, Libertarian, 1954.

Waiser, Bill, Park Prisoners: The Untold Story of Western Canada’s National Parks 1915–1946, Saskatoon: Fifth House, 1995.

Weiss, Erica, Conscientious Objectors in Israel: Citizenship, Sacrifice, Trials of Fealty, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 2014.

Widera, Thomas, Pazifsten in Uniform: Die Bausoldaten im Spannungfeld der SED-Politik 1964-1989, Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 2004.

Wikipedia, “Refusal to serve in the IDF”,

Wikipedia, “South African resistance to war”

Williams, Holly, “The price of pacifism: Refusing to go to war is finally being recognised as a brave act”, London: The Independent, May 18, 2013

Wittner, Lawrence, Rebels Against War: The American Peace Movement 1941-1960, New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

Wittner, Rebels Against War: The American Peace Movement 1933-1983, revised second edition, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.

Wolf, Naomi, Give Me Liberty: A Handbook for American Revolutionaries, New York: Simon and Schuster, 2008.

“World survey of conscription and conscientious objection to military service”, War Resisters’ International 1998-present

Yoder, Anne M., “Conscientious Objection in America: Primary Sources for Research”, Swarthmore College Peace Collection.

Yoder, John Howard, What Would You Do?, Scottsdale: Herald, 1983.

Zahn, Franklin, Deserter from Violence: Experiments with Gandhi’s Truth, New York: Philosophical Library, 1984.

Zahn, Gordon C., War, Conscience and Dissent, Hawthorn, 1967.

Zuses, Rachel S., Words of Conscience, Washington: Center on Conscience and War, 11th edition, 2001.

U.S. Civil War

Barnes, David M., The Draft Riots in New York, July 1983, New York: Baker & Goodwin, 1863.

Bernstein, Iver, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War, New York: Oxford, 1990.

Cartland, Fernando G., Southern Heroes: or, the Friends in War Time, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Riverside, 1895.

Cook, Adrian, The Armies of the Street: The New York Draft Riots of 1863, Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1974.

McCague, James, The Second Rebellion: The Story of the New York City Draft Riots of 1863, New York, Dial, 1968.

Myers, Walter Dean, Riot, New York: Egmont, 2011.

Pringle, Cyras, Record of a Quaker Conscience, New York: Macmillan, 1918.

River, Charles, The New York City Draft Riots of 1863: The History of the Notorious Insurrection at the Height of the Civil War, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2016.

Schecter, Barnet, The Devil’s Own Work: The Civil War Draft Riots and the Fight to Reconstruct America,  New York: Walker, 2006.

Wright, Edward Needles, Conscientious Objectors in the Civil War, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1931.


World War I

Allatini, Rose [A.T. Fitzroy], Despised and Rejected,  London: C.W. Daniel, 1918.

Allinson, Brent Dow, Brent Dow Allinson: Conscientious Objector to War, London: Amnesty Committee, 1919.

Baker, George, The Soul of a Skunk: The Autobiography of a Conscientious Objector, London: Scholartis Press, 1930.

Balch, Emily Greene, and others, The Individual and the State: The Problem as Presented by the Sentencing of Roger N. Baldwin, November 1918, New York, 1918.

Baxter, Archibald, We Will Not Cease, London: Victor Gollancz, 1939.

Bell, Julian (Editor), We Did Not Fight: 1914-1918 Experiences of War Resisters, London: Cobden-Sanderson, 1935.

Bibbings, Lois S., Telling Tales About Men: Conceptions of Conscientious Objectors to Military Service During the First World War, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011.

Boulton, David, Objection Overruled, London: MacGibbon & Kee, 1967.

Brittain, One Voice: Pacifist Writings from the First World War, London: Continuum, 2005.

Brocklesby, John H., “Escape from Paganism”, London: Religious Society of Friends (Unpublished).

Burnham, Karyn, The Courage of Cowards: The Untold Stories of the First World War Conscientious Objectors

Caldwell, John Taylor, Mutinous Swine: A Strike of Jailed Conscientious Objectors in Wandsworth Prison 1918-1919, 2014.

Casey, Michael,  “New Information on Conscientious Objectors of World War I and the Churches of Christ,” Restoration Quarterly Vol. 34 No. 2, 1992.

Catchpool, Corder, On Two Fronts: Letters of a Conscientious Objector, London: Headley Bros, 1918.

Catchpool, Letters of a Prisoner for Conscience Sake, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1941.

Chamberlain, W.J., Fighting for Peace:The Story of the War Resistance Movement, London: No More War Movement, 1928.

Chatfield, Charles, For Peace and Justice: Pacifism in America 1914-1941, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1971.

Chatfield (Editor), The Radical ‘No’: The Correspondence and Writings of Evan Thomas on War, New York: Garland, 1974.

Committee of 100 Friends of Conscientious Objectors, Who are the C.O.s: A Plea for Justice for Those in Prison Today for Conscience Sake, Brooklyn, New York: Committee of 100 Friends of Conscientious Objectors, 1919.

Cooper, John F., Of Human and Swine’s Blood: The Prosecution and Persecution of Russian Immigrant Mennonite Conscientious Objectors and Their Descendants in the United States During World War I, Gulfport: Stetson University College of Law, 1993.

Courage of Conscience: Imagined Voices of Derbyshire’s WW1 Conscientious Objectors, Naples: WordWork, 2016.

Debs, Eugene V., Walls and Bars: Prisons and Prison Life in the “Land of the Free”, Chicago: Socialist Party, 1927.

[Debs] Karsner, David, Talks with Debs in Terre Haute, New York: New York Call, 1922.

[Debs] Ginger, Ray, Eugene Debs: A Biography, New York: Macmillan, 1962.

DeRosa, Ulysses, Odyssey of a World war I conscientious objrctor, 1980.

Duckers, James Scott, “Handed-over”: The Prison Experiences of Mr. J. Scott Duckers…under the Military Service Act, foreword by T. Edmund Harvey, M.P., London: C.W. Daniels 1917.

Dunham, William Arthur, “The Narrative of a Conscientious Objector,” Ann Arbor: Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, 1921 (Unpublished)

Early, Frances H., A World Without War: How U.S. Feminists and Pacifists Resisted World War I, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Eichel, Julius, The Judge Said “20 Years”: The Story of a Conscientious Objector, Yonkers: Third Street, 1981.

Ellsworth-Jones, We Will Not Fight…:The Untold Story of World War One’s Conscientious Objectors, London: Aurum, 2008.

Evans, John H.W., Test Case for Canada ‘3314545’: The Experiences of a Christadelphian Conscientious Objector in World War I 1914-1918, 1972.

Ewan, George, “Prison Memories of George Ewan: Being the Experiences of a Conscientious Objector in the First World War”, London: Archives of the Peace Pledge Union, (Unpublished)

Fellow Prisoner, The Death of a Conscientious Objector in Prison, 1919.

Finney, Torin R.T., Unsung Hero of the Great War:The Life and Witness of Ben Salmon, Paulist Press, 1989.

For His Name’s Sake: Being a Record of the Witness Given by Members of the Churches of Christ in Great Britain against Militarism in the European War During 1914-1918, Derbyshire: W. Barker, 1921.

Goodall, Felicity, We Will Not Go to War: Conscientious Objection During the World Wars, Stroud: History Press, 2010.

Graham, John William, Conscription and Conscience: A History 1916-1919, Charleston: Forgotten Books, 2012.

Gray, Harold Studley, Character “Bad”: The Story of a Conscientious Objector, as told in the letters of Harold Studley Gray, edited by Kenneth I. Brown, New York: Harper, 1934.

Griffith, John, One Man’s Story: A Conscientious Objector in World War I, 1997.

Grosser, Philip, Alcatraz: Uncle Sam’s Devil’s Island: Experiences of a Conscientious Objector in America during the World War, Boston: Excelsior, 1933.

Hartzle, J.S., Nonresistance in Practice, Scottsdale: Mennonite Publishing House, 1929.

Haslam, Oliver, Refusing to Kill: Conscientious Objection and Human Rights in the First World War, London: Peace Pledge Union, 2006.

Hennacy, Ammon, The Book of Ammon, Salt Lake City: Hennacy, 1965.

Hobhouse, Margaret Heyworth, I Appeal unto Caesar: The Case of the Conscientious Objector, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1917.

Hobhouse, Stephen Henry, An English Prison from Within, preface by Professor Gilbert Murray, London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1919.

Hochschild, Adam, To End All Wars: A Story of Protest and Patriotism in the First World War, London: Pan, 2012.

Holland, H.E., Armageddon or Calvary? The conscientious objectors of New Zealand and the process of their conversion, Wellington: Maoriland Worker, 1919.

Hunter, Ernest E., The Home Office Compounds: A Statement As to How Conscientious Objectors Arte Penalised, London: No-Conscription Fellowship, 1917.

Industrial Workers of the World, General Defense Committee, An open letter to President Harding from 52 members of the Industrial Workers of the World in Leavenworth Penitentiary who refuse to apply for individual clemency, Chicago: General Defense Committee, 1922.

I.W.W., General Defense Committee, Publicity Department, Public opinion; where does it stand on the question of amnesty of political prisoners, Chicago, 1923.

[I.W.W.] NCLB, Truth about the IWW prisoners, New York: National Civil Liberties Bureau, 1922.

[I.W.W.] Chaplin, Ralph, Bars and Shadows, New York: Leonard, 1922.

[I.W.W.] Chaplin, Wobbly, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1948.

Irish CO, Memorandum on English Conscientious Objectors’ Movement in Relation to IrishResistance to Conscription,  1918.

Juhnke, James C. (Editor),  “Post-Armistice Courts-Martial of Conscientious Objectors in Camp Funston, 1918-1919” /and“The Wilhelm Galle Family and Camp Funston’s ‘Lost Battalion’”, Mennonite LifeVol. 44, No. 4, December 1989.

Kazin, Michael, War Against War: The American Fight for Peace 1914-1918, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2017.

Kellogg, Walter Guest, The Conscientious Objector, New York: Boni and Liveright, 1919.

Kennedy, Thomas C.,  The Hound of Conscience: The History of the No-Conscription Fellowship 1914-1919, Fayetteville: University of Arkansas, 1981.

Kessler, Verne, A First-Class Fighting Man: The Stuggles of a WWI Christian Conscientious Objector As Told Through Letters and Diary Entries, Saarbrücken: Blessed Read, 2013.

Kniss, Lloyd A., I Couldn’t Fight: The Story of a CO in World War I, Kitchener: Herald, 1971.

Kohls, Gary G., “World War I: Lessons from the Christmas Truce of 1914”, Piazza Cara, December 11, 2013.

Kornweibel, Theodore, Bishop C.H. Mason and the Church of God in Christ during World War I: The Perils of Conscientious Objection, Natchitoches: Northwestern State University, 1987.

Kramer, Ann, Conchies: Conscientious Objectors of the First World War, London: Franklin Watts, 2013.

Kramer, Conscientious Objectors of the First World War: A Determined Resistance, South Yorkshire: Pen and Sword, 2015.

Kreider, Robert (Editor), Sourcebook:Oral History Interviews with World War One Conscientious Objectors, Akron: Mennonite Central Committee, 1986.

Lane, Winthrop I., Uncle Sam, Jailer: A Study of the Conditions of Federal Prisoners in Kansas Jails, New York: National Civil Liberties Bureau, 1919.

Leatherman, Noah H., Diary Kept by Noah H. Leatherman While in Camp during World War I,  Rosenort: PrairieView Press, [1968].

Lynde, Francis, Conscientious objectors and others, Outlook, 1918.

Martin, Mick, England, Arise! The Story of Socialist Conscientious Objectors of the First World War—and the Women Who Supported Them, London: Francis Boutle, 2014.

Mason, Edward Williamson, Made Free in Prison, introductory note by Edward Carpenter, London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1918.

Meyer, Ernest L., Hey! Yellowbacks! The War Diary of a Conscientious Objector,, New York: John Day, 1930.

Meyer, Jacob, “Reflections of a Conscientious Objector in World War I”, Mennonite Quarterly Review Vol. 4 No. 1, January 1997.

Miller, Ernest H., “Experiences of a C.O. in World War I,: Harrisonburg: Eastern Mennonite University Archives, (Unpublished)

Mock, Melanie Springer, Writing Peace: The Unheard Voices ofGreat War Mennonite Objectors, Studies in Mennonite and Anabaptist History No. 40, Telford: Pandora Press, 2003.

Moore, Albert B., Conscription and Conflict, New York: Macmillan, 1924.

Moore, Howard W., Plowing My Own Furrow,  New York: W.W. Norton, 1985.

Moran, John J., Prisoner of Conscience, Portland: PublishNation, 2014.

Moskos, Charles C. and Chambers, John Whiteclay, Editors, The New Conscientious Objection: From Sacred to Secular Resistance, New York: Oxford, 1993.

The “mutiny” at Fort Leavenworth disciplinary barracks, July 22nd, 1919, Chicago: American Industrial Company, 1919; signed: a prisoner; note of transmittal signed: Theo. H. Lunde.

National  Civil Liberties Bureau,  Political Prisoners in Federal and Military Prisons,  New York: National Civil Liberties Bureau, 1916.

NCLB, Truth about the Law, New York: National Civil Liberties Bureau, 1918.

NCLB, Why should there be an amnesty?, New York: National Civil Liberties Bureau, (1918?).

NCLB, What happens  in military prisons: The public is entitled to the facts, Chicago: Allied Printing Trades Council, 1919.

Nearing, Scott, defendant. Trial of Scott Nearing and the American Socialist Society, New York: Rand School, 1919.

No-Conscription Fellowship, Troublesome People: A reprint of the No-Conscription Fellowship Souvenir, describing its work during the years 1914-1919, London: Central Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1940.

Payne, Deborah and Suzanne Beer (Editors), In Defence of Our Conscience: A History of Conscientious Objection among the New Zealand Ecclesias, Torrens Park: Christadelphian Christian Study Service, 1988.

Peake, Arthur Samuel, Prisoners of Hope: The Problem of the Conscientious Objector,  London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1910.

Pearce, Cyril, Comrades in Conscience: The story of an English community’s opposition to the Great War, London: Francis Boutle, 2001.

Peet, Hubert W., “‘112 Days Hard Labour’”: Being Some Reflections on the First of My Sentences as a Conscientious Objector”, London: The Ploughshare, 1917.

Perkins, Gary,  Bible Student Conscientious Objectors in World War One – Britain: For the Sake of the Kingdom, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2016.

Peterson, H.C. and Gilbert C. Fite, Opponents of War 1917-1918, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1957.

Rae, John, Conscience and Politics: The British Government and the Conscientious Objector to Military Service 1916-1919, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Roberts, Dyfed Wyn, An Incarcerated Conscience, Seattle: Amazon Digital, 2014.

Robins, Lucy, War Shadows: A Documental Story of the Struggle for Amnesty, New York: Central Labor Bodies Conference, 1922.

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Lord, 3d Earl, 1872-, Defendant, Rex v. Bertrand Russell: A Report of Proceedings before the Lord Mayor, London: No-Conscription Fellowship, 1916.

Russell, The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, New York: Atlantic, 1967.

Sedgwick, Marcus, Cowards: The True Story of the Men Who Refused to Fight, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2013.

Shaw, Amy J., Crisis of Conscience: Conscientious Objection in Canada during the First World War, Vancouver: UB Press, 2009.

Shields, sarah Dobin, The Treatment of Conscientious Objectors During World War I: Mennonites at Camp Funston, Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society, 1981.

Skirth, Duncan, The Reluctant Tommy: Ronald Skirth’s Extraordinary Memoir of the First World War,  London: Macmillan, 2010.

Simons, H. Austin, The Second Strike at Fort Leavenworth: How the Experiment in Democracy Behind the Prison Walls Came to be Abandoned, Chicago: Amnesty Committee, [1918?].

Sprunger, Keith L., Voices Against War: A Guide to the Schowalter Oral History Collection on World War I Conscientious Objection,  Mishawaka: Bethel College, 1981.

Standing, Arthur C., One Man’s Story: A Conscientious Objector in World War I,  John and Reva Griffith, 1997.

Stoltzfus, Duane C.S., Pacifists in Chains: The Persecution of Hutterites during the Great War, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Tarasoff, Koozma J., “Doukhobor WWII COs in Northern Saskatchewan”, 2011.

Teichroew, Allan, “World War I and the Mennonite Migration to Canada to Avoid the Draft”, Mennonite Quarterly Review, July 1971.

Thomas, Norman, The Conquest of War, New York: Fellowship Press, 1917.

Thomas, The Conscientious Objector in America, New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1923.

Thomas, Is conscience a crime?, New York: Vanguard, 1927.

Thomas, War—No Glory, No Profit, No Need, New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1935.

Thomas, War As A Socialist Sees It, New York: League for Industrial Democracy, 1936.

Thomas, Louisa, Conscience: Two Soldiers, Two Pacifists, One Family–a Test of Will and Faith in World War I, New York: Penguin, 2011.

U.S. War Department, Statement concerning the treatment of conscientious objectors in the Army, Washington: Government Printing Office. 1919.

Voth, Albert C., “The Experiences of a War Objector in World War I”, North Newton: Mennonite Library and Archives, Bethel College, (Unpublished)

Wade, Stephen, No More Soldiering: Conscientious Objectors of the First World War, Stroud: Amberley, 2016.

Waldner, Jakob S., “An Account by Jakob Waldner: A Conscientious Objector in World War I 1917-1918”, Mennonite Quarterly Review, January 1974.

Walker, Joyce A., Dyce Work Camp, Conscientious Objectors and Public Opinion in North East Scotland 1916: A Documentary History, Seattle: Amazon Digital, 2011.

Ward, Andy, Conchies: The Uncomfortable Story of the Payne Brothers, Conscientious Objectors in the First World War,  Leicester: Marador, 2015,

Warkentine, Kendal, Military Justice in World War I: Court-Martial trials of Mennonite Conscientious Objectors, North Newton: Bethel College, 1983.

Weller, Ken, Don’t Be a Soldier! The Radical Anti-war Movement in North London, 1914-18, London: Pluto, 1985.

Williams, Holly, “The Price of Pacifism: Refusing to Go to War Is Finally Being Recognised as a Brave Act”, The Independent, May 18, 2013.

Wren, Alex Fred, True Believers: Prisoners for Conscience: A History of Molokan Conscientious Objectors in World War One: The Absolutists of Arizona: “You Shall Not Lose One Hair on Your Head”, Australia: privately printed, 1991.


It only takes one to refuse Sieg Heil, 1936

World War II

A Descriptive Study of the Social backgroundsof Conscientious Objection in Civilian Public Service During World War II, Washington: Catholic University of America, 1953.

Albrecht, Paul, On Sequoia Trails, Three Rivers: Civilian Public Service Camp No. 107, 1945.

Allen, E.L., Pacifism As an Individual Duty: The Case for Pacifism and Conscientious Objection, London: Central Board for Conscientious Objectors, 1946.

Allen, Ernest “When Japan Was Champion of ‘The Darker Races’: Satokata Takahashi and the Flowering of Black Messianic Nationalism”, Boulder: The Black Scholar, Vol. 24 No. 1, Winter 1994.

American Civil Liberties Union, Conscience and the War: A Report on the Treatment of Conscientious Objectors in World War II, New York: ACLU, 1943.

Anderson, Richard C. Peace Was in Their Hearts: Conscientious Objector in World War II, Watsonville: Correlan, 1994.

An Introduction to Friends Civilian Public Service: The Motivations, Policies and Structure of Friends Civilian Public Service, Philadelphia: American Friends Service Committee, 1945.

Arnett, Edward M., A Different Kind of War Story: A Conscientious Objector In World War II, Bloomington: xLibris, 2012.

Axford, Roger W., A Peace of My Mind: The Unrepentant Peacenik, Tempe: Enlightenment Press, 2001.

Bales, James D., The Christian Conscientious Objector, 1943.

Barker, Rachel, Conscience, Government and War: Conscientious Objection in Great Britain 1939-45, London, 1982.

Barnes, Harry Elmer, “Here is the Truth about Springfield”, Prison World, VI:3-4, May-June 1944.

Benedict, Don, Born Again Radical, New York: Pilgrim Press, 1982.

Bennett, Scott H., (Editor) Army GI, Pacifist CO: The World War II Letters of Frank and Albert Dietrich, New York: Fordham University Press, 2005.

Brock, Peter, The Black Flower: One Man’s Memory of Prison Sixty Years After, York: William Sessions, 20001

Brooks, Arle, “Conscientious objectors as a correctional problem in the Second World War”, Prison World, VI:4:12. July-August 1944.

Brooks, We the Offenders,  Philadelphia: Social Industrial Section, American Friends Service Committee, 1947?.

Brubaker, John W., Old German Baptists in Civilian Public Service,  1989

Bryan, Alex, “Bloody conchies…!: A Conscientious Objector Looks Back to World War Two, London: Quaker Home Service, 1986.

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Wells, Tom, The War Within: America’s Battle Over Vietnam, New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

Wetzel, Donald, Pacifist: Or, My War and Louis Lepke, Sag Harbor: Permanent, 1986.

Williams, Roger N., The New Exiles: American War Resisters in Canada,  New York: Liveright, 1971.

Zahn, Gordon Charles, Another Part of the War: Camp Simon Story, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1979.

Zaroulis, Nancy and Gerald Sullivan, Who Spoke Up?: American Protest Against the War in Vietnam 1963-1975, New York: Doubleday, 1984.

Zimmer, Timothy W.L., Letters of a Conscientious Objector from Prison, Valley Forge: Judson, 1969.


Iraq & Afghanistan & future wars

Abbasi, Rizwana, Pakistan and the New Nuclear Taboo: Regional Deterrence and the International Arms Control Regime, Cambridge: Peter Lang, 2012.

Abbasi, “How Resilient Is the Nuclear Taboo Today?”, Countercurrents, March 16, 2016.

Alliance for Nuclear Accountability, Trillion Dollar Trainwreck: Out-of-control U.S. nuclear weapons programs.

Andreas, Joel, Addicted to War: Why the U.S. Can’t Kick Militarism, A History of U.S. Wars in Comic Book Format, Oakland: AK Press, 2002; 3rd revised ed., 2004; 4th revised ed., 2015. Translations in Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Italian, Spanish, both Castilian and Latino, and Thai.

[Bowe Bergdahl] Hastings, Michael, “America’s Last Prisoner of War”, Rolling Stone, June 7, 2012.

[Bergdahl] Koenig, Sarah, This American Life, Serial [podcast], Season 2: Bowe Bergdahl

[Bergdahl] Martin, Patrick, “The US Media and the Release of POW Bowe Bergdahl, World Socialist Web Site, June 5, 2014.

[Bergdahl] Martin, Patrick, “The Vendetta Against Bowe Bergdahl”, World Socialist Web Site, March 30, 2015.

[Bergdahl] Brown, David, “US Army Charges Bowe Bergdahl with Desertion”,  World Socialist Web Site, December 15, 2015.

Branum, J.M., “List of Resisters to the War in Afghanistan”, Wikipedia

Brett, Rachel, International Standards on Conscientious Objection to Military Service, November 2008.

Burleigh, Nina, “Are We on the Verge of a Nuclear Breakdown?”, Rolling Stone, June 18, 2015.

Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors, Helping Out: A Guide to Military Discharges and GI Rights, San Francisco: CCCO, 1998.

CCCO, Getting Out: A Guide to Military Discharges and GI Rights, San Francisco: CCCO, 1991.

Chacham, Ronit, Breaking Ranks: Refusing to Serve in the West Bank and Gaza, New York: Other, 2004.

Clearwater,  John, Canadian Nuclear Weapons: The Untold Story of Canada’s Cold War Arsenal, Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1998.

Cohn, Marjorie and Kathleen Gilberd, Rules of Disengagement: The Politics and Honor of Military Dissent, Sausalito: PoliPoint, 2009.

Conscience and Peace Tax International, Conscientious Objection to Military Service: Issues for the Country Report Task Forces United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Cook, Jonathan, “A History of Silencing Israeli Army Whistleblowers from 1948 Until Today”, Dissident Voice, March 23, 2016.

Dane, Lily, “Blood Money: These Companies and People Make Billions of Dollars from War”, The Daily Sheeple, March 24, 2015.

Davis, Isaac, “The 239 Year Timeline of America’s Involvement in Military Conflict”, Global Research, December 18, 2015.

Delgado, Aiden, The Sutras of Abu Ghraib: Notes from a Conscientious Objector in Iraq, Boston: Beacon, 2007.

Dickinson, Elizabeth, “Business Is Booming at Abu Dhabi’s Great Arms Bazaar”, Foreign Policy, March 6, 2015.

Dyne, Bryan, “Nuclear winter—the long-suppressed reality of nuclear war”. World Socialist Web Site, January 19, 2017.

Ellner, Andrea, Paul Robinson and David Whetham, When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014.

Fanning, Rory, Worth Fighting For: An Army Ranger’s Journey Out of the Military and Across America, Chicago: Haymarket, 2014.

Federation of American Scientists, “Status of World Nuclear Forces”

Foster, Gregory, “Let’s demilitarize the military: The Pentagon may pose the single greatest threat to our democracy,” TomDispatch, March 15, 2016,_a_case_for_demilitarizing_the_military.

Friedman, Randy, “The Change of Selective Conscientious Objection in Israel”, Theoria, Oxford: Berghan..

Frohlich, Thomas C. and Mark Lieberman, “Companies Profiting the Most from War”, 24/7 Wall St, March 18, 2015.

Gee, David, Informed Choice? : Armed Forces Recruitment Practice in the United Kingdom, InformedChoice, 2007.

German, Miriam, “Meet the Real Nuclear Terrorist Organization: Fight the Real Killers”, Counterpunch, March 23, 2015.

Germanos, Andrea, “’I am on the Kill List’”, CommonDreams, April 13, 2016.

Goff, Stan, Hideous Dream: A Soldier’s Memoir of the U.S. Invasion of Haiti, Brooklyn: Soft Skull, 2000.

Goff, Full Spectrum Disorder: The Military in the New American Century, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2003.

Gold, Philip, The Coming Draft: The Crisis in Our Military and Why Selective Service Is Wrong for America, New York: Ballantine, 2006.

Gutmann, Matthew and Catherine Lutz, Breaking Ranks: Iraq Veterans Speak out Against the War, Berkeley: University of California, 2010.

Harris, John F. and Bryan Bender, “Bill Perry Is Terrified. Why Aren’t You?”. Politico, January 6, 2017

Henning, Charles A., U.S. Military Stop Loss Program: Key Questions and Answers (R40121), Washington: Congressional Research Service, 2009.

Hiro, Dilip, “The Most Dangerous Place on Earth: A Nuclear Armageddon in the Making in South Asia”, TomDispatch, April 8, 2016.,_flashpoint_for_the_planet/.

Howes, Dustin Elis, Toward a Credible Pacifism: Violence and the Possibilities of Politics, State University of New York Press, 2010.

Hutto, Jonathan W. Sr., Antiwar Soldier: How to Dissent Within the Ranks of the Military, New York: Nation, 2008.

Howes, Freedom Without Violence, New York: Oxford, 2016.


Illing, Sean, “Pacifism in an age of terror: the relationship between violence and freedom”, Salon, March 29, 2016.

Iraq Veterans against the war and Aaron Glantz, Winter Soldier Iraq and Afghanistan: Eyewitness Accounts of the Occupation, Chicago: Haymarket, 2008.

Jamail, Dahr, The Will to Resist: Soldiers Who Refuse to Fight in Iraq and Afghanistan, Chicago: Haymarket, 2009.

Jones, Martin, “The Refusal to Bear Arms as Grounds for Refugee Protection In Canadian Jurisprudence”,  International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 20 No. 1, 2008.

Jones, “Beyond Conscientious Objection: Canadian Refugee Jurisprudence on Military Service Evasion”, CRS Working Paper, 2005.

Joseph, Keith, “The Ethics of Selective Conscientious Objection”, Australian Defence Journal, No. 160: May 2003.

Khan, Zafar and Rizwana Abbasi, Pakistan in the Global Nuclear Order, Islamabad: Paper-Institute of Strategic Studies, Nuclear Series No.1, February 2016.

Knapke, Margaret, From Warriors to Resisters, fxBear, 2002. (Free ebook:

Kristian, Bonnie, “Obama’s drone war is a black mark on his legacy which cannot be ignored”, Rare, December 28, 2016

Krushnic,  Richard & Jonathan Alan King, “The Corporate Nuclear Complex”, TomDispatch, September 22, 2015.

Langfur, Stephen, Confession from a Jericho Jail: What Happened When I Refused to Fight the Palestinians, New York: Grove Weidenfield, 1992.

Laufer, Peter, Mission Rejected: U.S. Soldiers Who Say No to Iraq, White River Junction: Chelsea Green, 2006.

Leitz, Lisa, Fighting for Peace: Veterans and Military Families in the Anti-Iraq Movement, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2014.

Levinson, Nan, War Is Not a Game: The New Antiwar Soldiers and the Movement They Built, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2014.

Linn, Ruth Not Shooting and Not Crying: Psychological Inquiry into Moral Disobedience, New York: Praeger, 1989.

Linn, Conscience at War: The Israeli Soldier as a Moral Critic, Albany: State University of New York, 1996.

Love, David A., “A State of Perpetual War”, Huffington Post, March 18, 2010.

McMahan, Jeff, Killing in War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Mantle, Craig Leslie (Editor), The Unwilling and the Reluctant, Kingston: Canadian Defence Academy, 2006.

Mejia, Camilo, The Road from ar Ramadi: The Private Rebellion of Staff Sergeant Camilo Mejia—An Iraq War Memoir, Chicago, Haymarket, 2008.

Minnear, Larry, “Conscience and Carnage in Afghanistan and Iraq”, Journal of Military Ethics Vol. 13 No. 2, April 2014.

“MPs vote to renew Trident weapons system”, British Broadcasting Corporation, July 19, 2016.

Norton, Ben, “‘We are the death merchant of the world’: Ex-Bush military official Lawrence Wilkerson”, Salon, March 29, 2016.

Ornstein, Charles and Mike Hixenbaugh, “Dr. Orange: The Scientist Who Insists Agent Orange Isn’t Hurting America’s Veterans”, Mother Jones, December 25, 2016

Pan Orient News, “Japan: Nuclear Security Risks Esposed by Secret Plutonium Shipment”, Global Research, March 18, 2016.

Paul, T.V., The Tradition of Non-use of Nuclear Weapons, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Philips, Joshua E.S., None of Us Were Like This Before: American Soldiers and Torture, London: Verso, 2010.

Pilger, John, “A world war has begun. Break the silence.” OpEdNews, March 22, 2016.

Reimann, Jakob, “False hope, broken promises: Obama’s beligerent legacy”, Roar Magazine, January 11, 2017

Shatzer, Jacob, “Does the Just War Tradition Need Selective Conscientious Objection?”, Abbeville Review, April 21, 2015.

Schlosser, Eric, Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety, New York: Penguin, 2013.

[Schlosser], Devereaux, Ryan, “Q&A: Eric Schlosser on the Secret History of America’s Nuclear Arsenal”, Rolling Stone, September 16, 2013.

“Selective Conscientious Objection: What it means for Catholics in a country at war”, Sign of Peace, Catholic Peace Fellowship, Vol. 4 No. 2, Spring 2005.

Shubin, Daniel H., The Conscientious Objector and the United States Armed Forces, Bakersfield: Peace Church Challenge, 2008.

Shue, Henry and David Rodin (Editors), Just and Unjust Warriors: The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Small Arms Survey

Stanton, John, “War Pigs Need the Draft: More Bodies, Plus Women, Necessary”, Dissident Voice, March 5, 2015.

Stewart, Luke and Sarah Hipworth, Let Them Stay: U.S. War Resisters in Canada 2004-2014, Toronto: Iguana, 2014.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), “Military Expenditure Database”; “Arms Transfer Database”; “National Reports Database”

Takemura, H., The International Right to Conscientious Objection to Military Service and Individual Duties to Disobey Manifestly Illegal Orders, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

Tannenwald, Nina, The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons Since 1945, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Thomas, Ward, “Unjust War and the Catholic Soldier”, Journal of Religious Ethics, Vol. 35 No. 3, 2007.

Union of Concerned Scientists, Making Smart Security Choices: The Future of the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex, Cambridge: UCS, March 2014.

Walgrave, Stefaan and Dieter Rucht (Editors), The World Says No to War: Demonstrations Against the War on Iraq, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2010.

Walter, Michael, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, New York: Basic, 1977.

War Resisters Support Campaign, AWOL in Canada: A Counseling Memo, Toronto: WRSC: April 2006.

Wester, Franklin Eric, “The Extinction of Conscientious Objectors in the Armed Forces?”. Journal of Military Ethics Vol. 14 No. 2, 2015.

Whitman-Bradley, Buff & Cynthia and Lazare, Sarah, About Face: Military Resisters Turn Against War, Oakland: PM Press, 2011.

Wright, Ann and Susan Dixon, Dissent: Voices of Conscience, Kihei: Koa, 2008.

Nonviolent action and activists

Ackerman, Peter, A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict, New York: Palgrave, 2000.

Albanese, Tom, “Dismantling ROTC”, Cambridge: University Conversion Project, 1992.!topic/

Amster, Randall and Elavie Ndura (Editors), Exploring the Power of Nonviolence: Peace, Politics, and Practice, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2013.

Anderson, Shelley & Janet Larmore, Nonviolent Struggle and Social Defence, London: War Resisters’ International, 1991.

Bartkowski, Maciej J., Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles, London: Lynne Rienner, 2013.

Bayoumi, Moustafa, Midnight on the Mavi Marmora: The Attack on the Gaza Freedom Flotilla, New York: OR Books, 2010.

Bennett, Scott H., Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America 1915-1963, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2004.

Berrigan, Daniel, Robert Andersen, and James L. Marsh, The Trial of the Catonsville Nine, Bronx: Fordham University Press, 2004.

[Berrigan] Halpert, Stephen (Editor), Witness of the Berrigans, New York: Doubleday, 1971.

[Berrigan] Polner, Murray and Jim O’Grady, Disarmed and Dangerous: The Radical Lives of Daniel and Philip Berrigan, New York: Basic,1997.

Berrigan, Frida, “Growing Up in the Shadow of the American War State”,  TomDispatch,  2015.

Berrigan, F., “Parenting on the Brink: Wrestling with Fears Too Big to Name”, TomDispatch, October 6, 2015.,_a_mother_thinks_the_unthinkable/

Berrigan, F., It Runs in the Family: On Being Raised by Radicals and Growing into Rebellious Motherhood,  New York: OR Books, 2015.

Bhave, Vinoba, Shanti Sena, Varanasi, India: Sarva Seva Sangh, 1961.

Bigelow, Albert, The Voyage of the Golden Rule, New York: Doubleday, 1959.

Blackburn, Judith A. and Robert M. Coughlin, Building the Beloved Community: Maurice McCrackin’s Life for Peace and Civil Rights, Bloomington: Trafford, 2006.

Blunt, Gwilym David, “Transnational Socio-economic Justice and the Right of Resistance”, Politics Vol. 31 No. 1, January 2011.

Boggs, Grace Lee, Living for Change: An Autobiography, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.

Bond, Douglas, Christopher Kruegler, Roger S. Powers, and William B. Vogele, Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from ACT UP to Women’s Suffrage, New York: Routledge, 1997.

[Bonhoeffer Peace Collective] “Charges dismissed on 4 Australian Christian peace activists”.

Boyle, Francis Anthony, Protesting Power: War, Resistance and the Law, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Boyle, Defending Civil Resistance Under International Law, Dobb’s Ferry: Transnational, 1987.

Brittain, Vera, Testament of Youth: An Autobiographical Story of the Years 1900-1925, London: Victor Gollancz, 1933.

Brittain, Testament of a Friendship: The Story of Winifred Holtby 1932-1939, London: Victor Gollancz, 1940.

Brittain, Testament of Experience 1925-1950, London: Victor Gollancz, 1957

Brittain, The Rebel Passion: A Short History of Some Pioneer Peace Makers, Cambridge: Fellowship, 1964.

[Brittain] Eden-Green, Winifred & Alan (Editors), Testament of a Peace Lover: Letters from Vera Brittain, London: Virago, 1988.

Brooks, David, “The Moral Bucket List”, The New York Times, April 11, 2015.

Chávez, Cesar An Organizer’s Tale: Speeches, New York: Penguin, 2008.

[Chávez] Levy, Jacques E., Cesar Chávez: Autobiography of La Causa, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.

[Chávez] Garcia, Matthew, From the Jaws of Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Cesar Chávez and the United Farm Worker Movement, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.

[Chávez] Pawel, Miriam, The Union of Their Dreams: Power, Hope, and Struggle in Cesar Chávez’ Farm Worker Movement, New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.

[Chávez] Pawel, Miriam, The Crusades of Cesar Chávez: A Biography, New York: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Chatfield, Charles, The American Peace Movement: Ideals and Activism, Independence: Twayne, 1992.

Clavir, Judy and John Spitzer (Editors), The Conspiracy Trial: The extended edited transcript of the trial of the Chicago Eight, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.

[Chicago] Feiffer, Jules, Tom Hayden, and Jon Weiner, Conspiracy in the Streets: The Extraordinary Trial of the Chicago Eight, New Press, 2006.

[Chicago] Hayden Tom, Ron Sossi, and Frank Condon, Voices of the Chicago Eight: A Generation on Trial, San Francisco: City Lights, 2008.

[Chicago] Farber, David, Chicago ’68, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1988.

[Chicago] Kusch, Frank, Battleground Chicago: The Police and the 1968 Democratic Convention, Chicago, University of Chicago, 2008.

[Chicago] Schultz, John, The Chicago Conspiracy Trial, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

[Chicago] Schultz, No One Was Killed: The Democratic National Convention August 1968, Chicago: Big Table, 1969.

Codepink, “34 Arrested while Protesting Drone Killing at Creech AFB”, 2015.

Cooney, Robert and Helen Michalowski, The Power of the People: Active Nonviolence in the United States, Culver City: Peace Press, 1977.

[Animal Liberation] Animal Liberation Front, Underground: The Animal Liberation From in the 1990s, Los Angeles: Warcry, 2011.

[Animal Liberation] Beers, Diane L., For the Prevention of Cruelty: The History and Legacy of Animal Rights Activism in the United States, Athens: Swallow, 2006.

[Animal Liberation] Best, Steven and Anthony J. Nocella (Editors), Terrorists or Freedom Fighters? Reflections on the Liberation of Animals, Herndon: Lantern, 2004.

[Animal Liberation] Bond, Walter, Always Looking Forward, Los Angeles: North American Animal Liberation Press Office, 2011.

[Animal Liberation] Coronado, Rod, Flaming Arrows: Collected Writings of Animal Liberation Front Activist Rod Coronado, Warcry, 2011.

[Animal Liberation] Finsen, Lawrence and Susan Finsen, The Animal Rights Movement in America: From Compassion to Respect, Woodbridge: Twayne, 1994.

[Animal Liberation] Foer, Jonathan Safran, Eating Animals, New York: Little, Brown, 2009.

[Animal Liberation] Francione, Gary L. and Anna Charlton, Animal Rights: The Abolitionist Approach, Logan: Exempla, 2015.

[Animal Liberation] Francione & Charlton, Eat Like You Care: An Examination of the Morality of Eating Animals, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2013.

[Animal Liberation] Hawthorne, Mark, Striking at the Roots: A Practical Guide to Animal activism, Lanham: Changemakers, 2007.

[Animal Liberation] Jasper, James M. and Dorothy Nelkin, The Animal Rights Crusade: The Growth of a Moral Protest, Free Press, 1991.

[Animal Liberation] Kuipers, Dean, Operation Bite Back: Rod Coronado’s War to Save the American Wilderness, New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.

[Animal Liberation] Mann, Keith, From Dusk ’til Dawn: An Insider’s View of the Growth of the Animal Liberation Movement , Buffalo: Voice of the Voiceless, 2008.

[Animal Liberation] Newkirk, Ingrid, Free the Animals: The Amazing True story of the Animal Liberation Front in America, Noble, 1992.

[Animal Liberation] Nibert, David A., Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict, New York: Columbia University, 2013.

[Animal Liberation] Nibert, Animal Rights/Human Rights: Entanglements of Oppression and Liberation, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.

[Animal Liberation] Nocella, Anthony J. II and Steven Best, Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?: Reflections on the Liberation of Animals, New York: Lantern, 2004.

[Animal Liberation] Potter, Will, Green Is the New Red: An Insider’s Account of a Social Movement Under Siege, San Francisco: City Lights, 2011.

[Animal Liberation] Rodriguez, Saryta, Until Every Animal Is Free, Boston: Vegan, 2015.

[Animal Liberation] Rosebraugh, Craig, Burning Rage of a Dying Planet: Speaking for the Earth Liberation Front, Herndon: Lantern, 2004.

[Animal Liberation] Screaming Wolk, Declaration of War, Los Angeles: North American Animal Liberation Press Office, 1991.

[Animal Liberation] Singer, Peter, Animal Liberation: A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals, London: Jonathan Cape, 1976.

[Animal Liberation] Traïni, Christophe, The Animal Rights Struggle: An Essay in Historical Sociology, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University, 2016.

[Animal Liberation] Young, Peter Daniel (Editor), Animal Liberation Front: Complete Diary of Actions, the First 30 Years, Los Angeles: Warcry, 2010.

Bollinger, Michele and Dao X Tran, 101 Changemakers: Rebels and Radicals Who Changed U.S. History, Chicago: Haymarket, 2012.

Corrie, Rachel, Rachel’s Letters, San Diego: If Americans Knew, 2003.

Corrie, Alan Rickman, and Katharine Viner, My Name Is Rachel Corrie, New York: Theatre Communications Group, 2005.

Corrie, Let Me Stand Alone: The Journals of Rachel Corrie, New York: W.W. Norton, 2009.

[Corrie] Saalakhan, El-Hajj Mauri, The Message of Rachel Corrie, Greenbelt: Peace and Justice Foundation, 2003.

[Corrie] Martin, Courtney E., Do It Anyway: The New Generation of Activists, New York: Beacon, 2010.

Cortright, David, Peace: A History of Movements and Ideas, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Cortright, Gandhi and Beyond: Nonviolence for a New Political Age, Boulder: Paradigm, 2009.

Crawshaw, Steve and John Jackson, Small Acts of Resistance: How Courage, Tenacity, and Ingenuity Can Change the World, New York: Union Square, 2010.

Crowe, Frances, Finding My Radical Soul: A Memoir, Athol: Haley’s, 2014.

[Crowe] Berrigan, Frida, “How Frances Crowe found her radical soul”, Waging Nonviolence, March 14, 2015.

Davis, Charles, “How the FBI Goes after Activists”, Vice, 2014

Davis, John (Editor), The Earth First! Reader: Ten Years of Radical Environmentalism, Layton: Gibbs Smith, 1991.

Day, Dorothy, Loaves and Fishes: The Inspiring Story of the Catholic Worker Movement, Maryknoll: Orbis, 1997.

Day, The Duty of Delight: The Diaries of Dorothy Day, Milwaukee, Marquette University, 2008.

Day, All the Way to Heaven: The Selected Letters of Dorothy Day, Milwaukee: Marquette University, 2010.

Day, The Long Loneliness: The Autobiography of the Legendary Catholic Social Activist, New York: Harper, 2009.

[Day] Troester, Rosalie Riegle, Voices from the Catholic Worker, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1993.

[Day] Forest, Jim, All Is Grace: A Biography of Dorothy Day, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2011.

Dear, John, The Nonviolent Life, Long Beach: Pace e Bene, 2013.

Dear, A Persistent Peace: One Man’s Struggle for a Nonviolent World, Chicago: Loyola University Press, 2008.

della Porta, Donatella, Massimiliano Andretta, Lorenzo Mosca, and Herbet Reiter, Globalization from Below: Transnational Activists and Protest Networks, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2006.

Dellinger, David, More Power Than We Know: The People’s Movement toward Democracy, Garden City: Anchor, 1975.

Desai, Narayan, “Nonviolent people’s struggles in India”, London: War Resisters’ International, 1991.

Duberman, Martin, A Saving Remnant: The Radical Lives of Barbara Deming and David McReynolds, New York: New Press, 2011.

Ellsberg, Daniel, Papers on the War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972.

Ellsberg, Secrets: A  Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers, New York: Viking, 2002.

[Ellsberg] Gladwell, Malcolm, “Daniel Ellsberg, Edward Snowden, and the Modern Whistleblower”,  The New Yorker, December 19 & 26, 2016

Ellsberg, Risk, Ambiguity and Decision, Abingdon: Routledge, 2016.

[Ellsberg] The Complete Pentagon Papers: All Volumes Released in June 2011: Report of the Office of the Sewcretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force Leaked in 1971 plus Bonus Declassified Vietnam Reports, [DVD-ROM], Cleveland: Progressive Management, 2011.

Beglov, S.L. et al., The Stages of War and Duplicity: Evidence of the Pentagon Secret Papers, Moscow: Novosti, 1971.

[Ellsberg] U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Bombing As a Policy Tool in Vietnam: Effectiveness — A Staff Study Based on The Pentagon Papers, Washington, 1972.

[Ellsberg] Nord, Jason, To Dare to Tell the Truth: The Story of Daniel Ellsberg, Oakland: Equality, 2016.

[Ellsberg] Rudenstine, David, The Day the Presses Stopped: A History of the Pentagon Papers Case, Berkeley: University of California, 1996.

[Ellsberg] Sheehan, Neil, and Herick Smith, The Pentagon Papers: The Secret History of the Vietnam War, New York: Quadrangle, 1971.

[Ellsberg] Sheinkin, Steve, Most Dangerous: Daniel Ellsberg and the Secret History of the Vietnam War, New York: Roaring Brook, 2015.

[Ellsberg] Unger, Sanford J., The Papers and The Papers: An Account of the Legal and Pliticals Battle Over the Pentagon Papers, New York: Dutton, 1972.

[Ellsberg] Wells, Tom, Wild Man: The Life and Times of Daniel Ellsberg, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.

Enlace Zapatista, “Sixth Declaration of the Selva Lacandona”, Clandestine Revolitionary Indigenous Committee / General Command of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), June 2005.

Epstein, Barbara, Political Protest and Cultural Revolution: Nonviolent Direct Action in the 1970s and 1980s, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Essemlali, Lamya and Paul Watson, Captain Paul Watson: Interview with a Pirate, Richmond Hill: Firefly, 2013.

Finn, James, Protest, Pacifism and Politics: Some Passionate Views on War and Nonviolence, New York: Random House, 1967.

Fortunate Eagle, Adam, and Tim Findley, Heart of the Rock: The Indian Invasion of Alcatraz, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.

Foster, Catherine, Women for All Seasons: The Story of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Franz, Marian, A Persistent Voice: Marian Franz and Conscientious Objection to Military Taxation,  Telford: Cascadia, 2009.

Friedland, Michael B., Lift Up Your Voice Like a Trumpet: White Clergy  and the Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements 1954-1973, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina. 1998.

Gitlin, Todd, Occupy Nation: The Roots, the Spirit, and the Promise of Occupy Wall Street, New York: It Books, 2012.

Global Nonviolent Action Database, Swarthmore College

Goodman, Amy, The Silenced Majority: Stories of Uprisings, Occupations, Resistance, and Hope, Chicago: Haymarket, 2012.

Goodman, Standing Up to the Madness, Ordinary Heroes in Extraordinary Times, New York: Hachette, 2008.

Grant, David, A Question f Faith: A History of the New Zealand Christian Pacifist Society, Wellington: Philip Garside, 2013.

Hall, Lee, On Their Own Terms: Animal Liberation for the 21st Century, New York: Nectar Bat, 2010.

Hall, Simon, Peace and Freedom: The Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements in the 1960s, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Hallie, Philip P., Lest Innocent Blood Be Shed: The Story of the Village of Le Chambon and How Goodness Happened There, New York: Harper, 1994.

Hathaway, William T., Radical Peace: Refusing War, Walterville: Trine-Day, 2010.

Hirthler, Jason, “The War Budget”, Dissident Voice, September, 25, 2015.

Heller, Peter,  The Whale Warriors: The Battle at the Bottom of the World to Save the Planet’s Largest Mammals, New York: Free Press, 2007.

Hoare, Richard J. (Editor), John Hoare: A Pacifist’s Progress—Papers from the First World War, York: Sessions Book Trust, 1998.

Hobhouse, Stephen, The Autobiography of Stephen Hobhouse: Reformer, Pacifist, Christian, Boston: Beacon, 1952.

Holmes, John Haynes, I Speak for Myself: The Autobiography of John Haynes Holmes, New York: Harper, 1959.

Hughan, Jessie Wallace, Three Decades of War Resistance, New York: War Resisters League, 1942.

Hunter, Robert, Warriors of the Rainbow: A Chronicle of the Greenpeace Movement from 1971 to 1979, Fremantle: Fremantle, 2012.

International Center for Nonviolent Conflict

Jaina, Nick and Leslie Orihel, Lessons from Fighting the Black Snake at Standing Rock,  Vail: Middle Creek, 2016.

Johansen, Jørgen, “Deterrent Nonviolence”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2001.

Journal of Resistance Studies

Katz, Milton, Ban the Bomb: A History of SANE, The Committee for a SANE Nuclear Policy 1957-1985, New York: Praeger, 1986.

Kelly, Kathy, “The Possibility of Escape: The Jailers and the Jailed”,  Counterpunch,  2015.

Laffin, Arthur J. and Anne Montgomery (Editors), Swords into Plowshares: Nonviolent Direct Action for Disarmament, Peace and Social Justice, New York: Perennial, 1987.

Laffin (Editor), Swords into Plowshares Volume Two: A Chronology of Plowshares Disarmament Actions 1980-2003, Rose Hill: Wipf & Stock, 2003.

Lindorff, Dave, “Fury Punches Out Early: Striking a Blow for Disarmament in a Maine Shipyard”,  OpEd News, 2014.–S-by-Dave-Lindorff-Disarmament_Empire_Fury_Navy-140406-358.html.

Lynd, Staughton & Alice (Editors), Nonviolence in America: A Documentary History, Indianapolis, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965.

Lynd, Staughton, From Here to There: The Staughton Lynd Reader, Oakland: PM Press, 2010.

Lyttle, Bradford, Conscientious Objectors’ Guide to Cook County Jail, Chicago: American Friends Service Committee, 1955.

Lyttle, National Defense through Nonviolent Resistance, Chicago: Peace Education Program, 1958.

Lyttle, You Come with Naked Hands: The Story of the San Francisco Walk for Peace, Raymond: Greenleaf Books, 1966.

Lyttle, The Chicago Anti-Vietnam War Movement, Chicago: Midwest Pacifist Center, 1988.

Lyttle, Peace Activist: The Autobiography of Bradford Lyttle, Indianapolis: Dog Ear, 2014.

McGowan, Ed, Peace Warriors: The Story of the Camden 28, Circumstantial, 2002.

McMillan, John, Smoking Typewriters: The Sixties Underground Press and the Rise of Alternative Media in America, New York: Oxford, 2011.

Mann, Keith, From Dusk ’til Dawn: An Insider’s View of the Growth of the Animal Liberation Movement, Norwich: Puppy Pincher, 2007.

Martinez, Elizabeth Betita and Matt Meyer, We Have Not Been Moved: Resisting Racism and Militarism in 21st Century America, Oakland: PM Press, 2012.

[Media PA] Medsger, Betty, “Breaking 43 Years of Silence, the Last FBI Buglar Tells the Story of Her Years in the Underground,” The Nation, October 6, 2014

[Media PA] Medsger, The Burglary: The Discovery of J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret FBI, New York: Knopf, 2014.

[Media PA] The Burglary

[Media PA] Gage, Beverly, “Band of Burglars,” Slate, January 9, 2014.

[Media PA] Mazzetti, Mark, “Burglars Who Took On F.B.I. Abandon Shadows”, The New York Times, January 7, 2014.

Miller, James, Democracy Is in the Streets: From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Mitchell, W.J.T., and Bernard E. Harcourt, Occupy: Three Inquiries in Disobedience, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Mollin, Marianne, Radical Pacifism in Modern America: Egalitarianism and Protest, Philidelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Nagler, Michael N., The Nonviolence Handbook: A Guide for Practical Action, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2014.

Nonviolent and Violent Campaigns and Outcomes: Global Data on Major Nonviolent and Violent Campaigns 1946-2006

Ogunye, Temi, “Global Justice and Transnational Civil Disobedience”, Ethics and Global Politics Vol. 8, 2015.

O’Hearn, Denis, Nothing But an Unfinished Song: The Life and Times of Bobby Sands, New York: Nation, 2006.

Oppenheimer, Martin and George Lakey, Manual for Direct Action, Chicago: Quadrangle, 1965.

Peacemakers, Handbook on Nonpayment of War Taxes, Canterbury: Greenleaf, 1963.

Perry, Lewis, Civil Disobedience: An American Tradition, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Peters, Shawn Francis, The Catonsville Nine: A Story of Faith and Resistance in the Vietnam Era, New York: Oxford, 2012.

Pickering, Leslie James, The Earth Liberation Front 1997-2002, Binghamton: Arissa, 2007.

Potter, Will, Green Is the New Red, San Francisco: City Lights, 2011.

Prasad, Devi, War Is a Crime against Humanity: The Story of The War Resisters’ International, London: War Resisters’ International, 2005.

Raines, Bonnie, “Democracy Needs Whistleblowers: That’s Why I Broke into the FBI in 1971”, The Guardian, January 7, 2014,

Ram, Senthil, “The Tibetan Nonviolent Resistance: Empowerment in an Extraordinary Situation”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2001.

Ramírez, Gloria Muñoz, The Fire and the Word: A History of the Zapatista Movement, San Francisco: City Lights, 2008.

Redekop, Calvin Wall, The Pax Story: Service in the Name of christ 1951-1976, Kitchener: Pandora, 2001.

Riegle, Rosalie, Doing Time for Peace, Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2013.

Riegle, Crossing the Line: Nonviolent Resisters Speak Out for Peace, Eugene: Cascade, 2013.

Roberts, Adam and Timothy Garton-Ash (Editors), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Ross, F. Stuart, Smashing H-Block: The Popular Campaign against Criminalization and the Irish Hunger Strikes 1976-1982, Liverpool: LiverPool University Press, 2012.

Rushton, Steve, “Stop Trident: Why Renewing Britain’s Nuclear Weapons Program is Plain Mad”, Occupy, March 1, 2016.’s-nuclear-weapons-program-plain-mad.

Schock, Kurt (Editor), Civil Resistance: Comparative Perspectives on Nonviolent Struggle, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2015.

Schock, Unarmed Insurrections: People Power Movements in Nondemocracies, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2004.

Schlosser, Eric, “Break-In at Y-12: How a handful of pacifists and nuns exposed the vulnerability of America’s nuclear weapons sites”, The New Yorker, March 9, 2015.

Schlosser. “A Nun walks Free: The Government’s Sabotage Case Dismissed”, The New Yorker, May 18, 2015.

Seeley, Robert, A Handbook of Non-Violence: Including Aldoux Huxley’s An Encyclopedia of Pacifism, Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1986.

Sheinkin, Steve, The Port Chicago 50: Disaster, Mutiny, and the Fight for Civil Rights, New York: Roaring Book, 2014.

Shridharani, Krishnalal, War Without Violence, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1939.

Shifferd, Kent D., From War to Peace: A Guide to the Next Hundred Years, Jefferson: McFarland, 2011.

[Edward Snowden] Roy, Arundhati and John Cusack, Things That Can and Cannot be Said, Chicago: Haymarket, 2016.

Stewart, Sean, On the Ground: An Illustrated Anecdotal History of the Underground Press in the U.S., Oakland: PM Press, 2011.

Swanson, David “Top 10 Activist Errors”, Let’s Try Democracy, May 2015.

Swerdlow, Emily, Women Strike for Peace: Traditional Motherhood and Radical Politics in the 1960s, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Taylor, Ethel Barol, We Made A Difference: My Personal Journey with Women Strike for Peace, Philadelphia: Camino, 1998.

Tố Hữu, “Ê-mi-ly, con (Emily, [My] Child)”, 1965.

Tracy, James, Direct Action: Radical Pacifism from the Union Eight to the Chicago Seven, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Waging Nonviolence

Wallis, Jim and Joyce Hollyday, Cloud of Witnesses, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2005.

War Resisters’ International, “The Chipko Movement”, London: War Resisters’ International, 2001.

WRI, Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns, London: War Resisters’ International, 2014.

Weber, David R., Civil Disobedience in America: A Documentary History, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Weber, Thomas, Hugging the Trees: The Story of the Chipko Movement, New York: Viking, 1988.

Weiss, Meredith L., and Edward Aspinall (Editors), Student Activism in Asia: Between Protest and Powerlessness, St. Paul: University of Minnesota, 2012.

Welsh, Anne Morrison, Held in the Light: Norman Morrison’s Sacrifice for Peace and His Family’s Journey of Healing, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2008.

Weyler, Rex, Greenpeace: How a Group of Ecologists, Journalists, and Visionaries Changed the World, Emmaus: Rodale, 2004.

Wikipedia, “List of Iraq War Resisters” “Canada and Iraq War Resisters” “War Resister”

Wilson, Edmund, The Cold War and the Income Tax: A Protest, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2001.

Willson, S. Brian, Blood on the Tracks: The Life and Times of S. Brian Willson, Oakland: PM Press, 2011.

Wittner, Lawrence S., The Struggle Against the Bomb: One World or None, A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement through 1953, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1995.

Wittner, The Struggle Against the Bomb Vol. 2: Resisting the Bomb, A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement 1954-1970, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Wittner, Toward Nuclear Abolition: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement 1971-present, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Wittner, Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Zinn, Howard, The Zinn Reader: Writings on Disobedience and Democracy, New York: Seven Stories, 1997.

Philosophy & strategy

Barry, Kathleen Lois, Unmaking War, Remaking Men: How Empathy Can Reshape Our Politics, Our Soldiers and Ourselves, Gilbert: Phoenix Rising, 2010.

Beautiful Rising Toolbox

Best, Steven and Anthony J. Nocella II, Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of the Earth, Oakland: AK Press, 2006.

de la Boétie, Étienne, Discours de la servitude volontaire ou le Contr’un [pseud. Odet de la Noue, Vive Description de la Tyrannie, et des Tyrans, avec les moyens de se garantir de leur joug], 1549.

[de la Boétie] Murray N. Rothbard,, “Ending Tyranny Without Violence”, LewRockwell.

Bondurant, Joan V., Conquest of Violence, Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1965.

Boyd, Andrew and Dave Oswald Mitchell, Beautiful Trouble: A Toolbox for Revolution, New York: OR Books, 2016.

Chenoweth, Erica and Maria J. Stephan, Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Cockburn, Cynthia, Antimilitarism: Political and Gender Dynamics of Peace Movements, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Davis, Angela, Freedom Is a Constant Struggle: Ferguson, Palestine, and the Foundations of a Movement, Chicago: Hatmarket, 2016.

Debs, and J. Robert Constantine (Editor), Letters of Eugene V. Debs, Volume 1: 1874-1912, Volume 2: 1913-1919, Volume 3: 1919-1926, Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Debs, Writings of Eugene V. Debs: A Collection of Essays by America’s Most Famous Socialist, St. Petersburg: Red and Black, 2009.

[Debs] Freeburg, Ernest, Democracy’s Prisoner: Eugene V. Debs, the Great War, and the Right to Dissent, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009.

[Debs] Ginger, Ray, The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs, Chicago: Haymarket, 2007.

[Counter-recruitment]  Elder, Pat, Military Recruitment in the United States, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2016.

Engler, Mark and Paul, This Is an Uprising: How Nonviolent Revolt is Shaping the Twenty-First Century, New York: Nation, 2016.

Fernando, Basil, “Conversations with a chameleon”, Hong Kong: Asia Human Rights Commission, December 2013.

Fisher, David, Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?, New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Gandhi, Mohandas K., An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Boston: Beacon, 1957.

Gandhi, Non-Violent Resistance, New York: Schocken, 1999.

Gay, Kathlyn, American Dissidents: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Subversives, and Prisoners of Conscience, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2011.

Goodman, Paul (Editor), Seeds of Liberation, New York: George Braziller, 1964.

Gottlieb, Roger S. (Editor), Liberating Faith: Religious Voices for Justice, Peace, & Ecological Wisdom, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003.

Gregg, Richard B., The Power of Nonviolence, Warrensburg: Pleiades Press, 1934.

Harding, Scott and Seth Kershner, Counter-Recruitment and the Campaign to Demilitarize Public Schools, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

[Counter-recruitment] Allison, Aimee and David Solnit, Army of None: Strategies to Counter Military Recruitment, End War, and Build a Better World, New York: Seven Stories, 2007.

[Counter-recruitment] Carr, Paul R. and Brad J. Porfilio, Educating for Peace in a Time of Permanent War: Are Schools Part of the Solution or the Problem?, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013.

[Counter-recruitment] Ciborowski, Paul J., “Choosing the Military As a Career: A Group Counseling Program that Addresses Issues Not Presented by Recruiters”, School Counselor Vol. 41, No. 4, March 1, 1994.

[Counter-recruitment]  Elder, Pat, Military Recruitment in the United States, North Charleston: CreateSpace, 2016.

[Counter-recruitment] Hunter, John, World Peace and Other 4th-Grade Achievements, Boston: Eamon Dolan.Mariner, 2013.

[Counter-recruitment] New York Civil Liberties Union, Soldiers of Misfortune: Abusive U.S. Military Recruitment and Failure to Protect Child Soldiers, New York: NYCLU, 2008.

[Counter-recruitment] New York Collective of Radical Educators (NYCoRE), Camouflaged: Investigating How the U.S. Military Affects You and Your Community, 2011.

[Counter-recruitment] North, Connie E., Teaching About Social Justice? Voices from the Front Lines, Boulder, Paradigm, 2009.

[Counter-recruitment] McCarthy, Colman, I’d Rather Teach Peace, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2008.

[Counter-recruitment] Sokolower, Jody,  Teaching About the Wars, Milwaukee: Rethinking Schools, 2013.

[Counter-recruitment] War Resisters International, Sowing Seeds: The Militarisation of Youth and How to Counter It, 2013.

Hays, Kim, Practicing Witness: Moral Traditions at Quaker and Military Boarding Schools, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1994.

Hedges, Chris, What Every Person Should Know About War, New York: Free Press, 2003.

Hoffman, Abbie, Steal This Book, Cambridge: Da Capo, 2002.

Hoffman, Revolution for the Hell of It, Cambridge: Da Capo, 2005.

[Abbie Hoffman] Jezer, Marty, Abbie Hoffman: American Rebel, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1993.

Huxley, Aldous, Ends and Means: An Inquiry into the Nature of Ideals, London: Chatto & Windus, 1937.

Johnpoll, Bernard K., Pacifist’s Progress: Norman Thomas and the Decline of American Socialism, Chicago: Quadrangle, 1970.

Kelly, Kathy, “Juanita Nelson, Presente!”, The Nuclear Resister, 2015.

[Kathy Kelly] Racicot, Henry L., “Kathy Kelly: Imprisoned for Peace”, Activist Post, April 5, 2015.

Keyes, Gene, “Strategic Non-Violent Defense: The Construct of an Option”, Journal of Strategic Studies, 1981.

Keyes, “Force Without: A Doctrine of Unarmed Civic Action”, CoEvolution Quarterly, 1982.

Keyes, To Give Life: A Nonkilling Military, Precedents and Possibilities,

Kohls, Gary G. “Approaching Spiritual Death: MLK’s Plea to Break the Silence on Militarism”, Dissident Voice, January 14, 2014.

Kunstler, William M., My Life As a Radical Lawyer, New York: Carol, 1994.

[Kunstler] Langum, David J., William M. Kunstler: The Most Hated Lawyer in America, New York: New York University Press, 1999.

Knightley, Phillip, The First Casualty: From Crimea to Vietnam, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Lakey George, Nonviolent Action: How It Works, Wallingford: Pendle Hill, 1963.

Lofland, John, Polite Protesters: The American Peace Movement of the 1980s, Syracuse:: Syracuse University, 1994.

McReynolds, David, “Philosophy of Nonviolence”

[A.J. Muste] Hentoff, Nat (Editor), The Essays of A.J. Muste, Indianapolis, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967.

Muste, A.J., What Would Pacifists Have Done about Hitler: A Discussion of War, Dictators and Pacifism, 2013.

Muste, Non-Violence in an Aggressive World, New York: Harper, 1972.

[A.J. Muste], Robinson, Jo Ann O., Abraham Went Out: A Biography of A.J. Muste, Temple University Press, 1982.

[A.J. Muste] Hentoff, Nat, Peace Agitator: The Story of A.J. Muste, New York: Macmillan, 1963.

Lakey, George, A Manual for Direct Action: Strategy and Tactics for Civil Rights and All Other Nonviolent Protest Movements, New York: Quadrangle, 1965.

Lakey, Strategy for a Living Revolution, W.H. Freeman, 1973

Lakey, and Joanna Macy, Powerful Peacemaking: A Strategy for a Living Revolution, Philadelphia: New Society, 1987.

Lendman, Stephen, “America Greatest Threat to World Peace”, Global Research, January 2014

de Ligt, Bart, The Conquest of Violence: An Essay on War and Revolution [La Paix Créatrice; Histoire des Principes et des Tactiques de L’Action Directe Contre la Guerre, Paris, 1934], Winchester: Pluto, 1989

Lynd, Staughton, Intellectual Origins of American Radicalism, New York: Pantheon, 1968.

Marcos, Subcomandante Insurgente, Our Word Is Our Weapon: Selected Writings, New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.

Mattheissen, Peter, Indian Country, New York: Penguin, 1992.

Mayer, Peter (ed.), The Pacifist Conscience, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.

Nagler, Michael N., The Nonviolence Handbook: A Guide for Practical Action, San Francisco: Berret-Koehler, 2014.

Popovic, Srdja, Blueprint for Revolution: How to Use Rice Pudding, LegoMen, and Other Nonviolent Techniques to Galvanize Communities, Overthrow Dictators, or Simply Change the World, New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2015.

Riegle, Rosalie G., Crossing the Line: Nonviolent Resisters Speak Out for Peace, Eugene: Cascade, 2013.

Riegle, Doing Time for Peace: Resistance, Family, and Community, Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2013.

Romero, Oscar A., The Violence of Love, Maryknoll: Orbis, 2004.

Roy, Arundhati, The End of Imagination, Chicago: Haymarket, 2016.

Schell, Jonathan, The Unconquerable World: Power, Nonviolence, and the Will of the People, New York: Holt, 2004.

Schell, The Fate of the Earth, New York: Knopf, 1982.

Schlissel, Lillian (Editor), Conscience in America: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objection in America 1757-1967, New York: E.P. Dutton, 1968.

Sharp, Gene, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Vol. 1: Power and Struggle; Vol. 2: The Methods of Nonviolent Action; Vol. 3: The Dynamics of Nonviolent Action, Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973.

Sharp, Gene, with Bruce Jenkins, Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Sibley, Mulford Q., The Quiet Battle: Writings on the Theory and Practice of Non-Violent Resistance, New York: Doubleday, 1963.

Sibley and Theodore Paullin, The Political Theories of Modern Pacifism: An Analysis and Criticism, Garland, 1972.

Stiehm, Judith, Nonviolent Power, Lexington: Heath, 1972.

Suu Kyi, Aung San, Freedom from Fear: And Other Writings, New York: Penguin, 2010.

[Suu Kyi] Wintle, Justin, Perfect Hostage: A Life of Aung san Suu Kyi, Burma’s Prisoner of Conscience, New York: Skyhorse, 2008.

Swanson, David, When the World Outlawed War, 2011.

Swanson, The Military-Industrial Complex at 50, 2011.

Swanson, War Is a Lie, 2010.

Swanson, War No More: The Case for Abolition, 2013.

Thoreau, Henry David,  On the duty of civil disobedience,  introduction by Gene Sharp, London: Housmans, 1963.

Tolstoy, Leo, The Kingdom of God Is Within You, Germany, 1894.

Tolstoy, A Letter to a Hindoo: The Subjection of India—Its Cause and Cure, Delhi: Free Hindustan, 1908.

Tolstoy, Christian Martyrdom in Russia: Persecution of the Spirit-Wrestlers, Brotherhood, 1897.

Walters, Kerry and Lisa Portmess, Ethical Vegetarianism, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Weinberg, Arthur and Lila, Instead of Violence: Writings by the Great Advocates of Peace and Nonviolent throughout Hisatory, New York: Grossman, 1963.

Wilcox, Fred A., Uncommon Martyrs: The Plowshares Movement and the Catholic Left,  iUniverse, 2012.

Wilkinson, Iain and Arthur Kleinman, A Passion for Society: How We Think About Human Suffering, Berkeley: University of California, 2016.

Wink, Walter, Peace Is the Way: Writings on Nonviolence from the Fellowship of Reconciliation, New York: Orbis, 2000.

Prison writings

Beresford, David, Ten Men Dead: The Story of the 1981 Irish Hunger Strike, New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1997.

Berrigan, Daniel, S.J., Tulips in the Prison Yard: Selected Poems, Dublin: Dedalus, 2009.

Berrigan, Philip, S.S.J., Prison Journals of a Priest Revolutionary, New York: Ballantine, 1970.

Chicago Area Draft Resisters, Behind Bars, Chicago: Chicago area Draft Resisters (CADRE), 1969.

Cleaver. Eldridge, Soul on Ice, New York: McGraw. 1968.

Coogan, Tim Pat, On the Blanket: The Inside Story of the IRA Prisoners’ “Dirty Protest”, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Deming, Barbara, Prison Notes, New York, Grossman, 1966.

Deutsch, Francis (Editor), Prisoners Against the Bomb: Prison Conditions for Unilateral Disarmers, London: Committee of 100, 1962.

Ferranti, Seth, Prison Stories, Gorilla Convict, 2007.

Gandhi, M.K., Stonewalls Do Not a Prison Make, edited by V.B. Kher, Ahmedabad, India: Navajivan, 1964.

James, Joy (Editor), Imprisoned Intellectuals: America’s Political Prisoners Write on Life, Liberation, and Rebellion, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003.

Kelly, Kathy, Other Lands Have Dreams: Letters from Pekin Prison, Oakland: AK Press, 2005.

Lerner, Jimmy A., You Got Nothing Coming: Notes from a Prison Fish, New York: Broadway, 2003.

Masters, Jarvis Jay, The Bird Has My Wings: The Autobiography of an Innocent Man on Death Row, New York: Harper, 2010.

Masters, Finding Freedom: Writings from Death Row, Junction City: Padma, 1997.

Parsell, T.J., Fish: A Memoir of a Boy in a Man’s Prison, New York: Da Capo, 2007.

Peltier, Lawrence, Prison Writings: My Life Is My Sun Dance,  New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2000.

Sands, Bobby, Writings from Prison, New York: Roberts Rinehart, 1997.

Santos, Michael G., Inside: Life Behind Bars in America, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2007.


The Absolutist, Brooklyn, New York: Absolutist War Objectors  Association, 1943-1945.

Amnesty Bulletin, New York: Committee for Amnesty for All Objectors to War and Conscription, 1943-1945.

The Atlantian, published at the United States Penitentiary, Atlanta, Georgia, 1938-date.

The Bulletin, published at the California State Prison, San Quentin, California, 1925-date.

CBCO Broadsheet, published by the Central Board for Conscientious Objectors, London, 1912-1945.

CBCO Bulletin, ibid., 1940-1944.

The Conscientious Objector,, New Yiork Fellowship of Reconciliation and the War Resisters League, 1939-1946.

Direct Action, founded by David Dellinger, A.J. Muste, and Dorothy Day in 1945, Glen Gardner, New Jersey.

The Eagle, published at the Federal Reformatory for Women, Alderson, West  Virginia, 1952 – ?.

The Flowery: The “Scrubs” Conchie Review, an underground journal  published in H.M. prison. Wormwood Scrubs, London, 1942-1944, also, London, Central Board for Conscientious Objection, 1945.

The Grapevine, Cleveland, New York and Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1945-1947.

The Island Lantern, published at the United States Penitentiary, McNeil Island, Steilacoom, Washington, 1924-1930 and 1954-?.

New Era, published at the United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas, 1960?-?.

The Objector, published by the Central Board for Conscientious Objectors, London 1947-.

The Periscope, published at the United States Northeastern Penitentiary, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. nd.

Prison Newsletter, Washington, D.C., 1943.

Riker’s Review, published at the New York City Penitentiary, Riker’s Island, New York, 1937-?.

Stray Shots, published at the United States Disciplinary Barracks, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, nd.

The War Resister, published by the War Resisters’ International, Enfield, England, 1923-1962.

War Resistance, ibid., 1962-date.



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